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health

chapter 4

QuestionAnswer
Any form of movement that causes your body to use energy physical activity
the ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands physical fitness
a way of life that involves little physical activity sedentary lifestyle
a condition characterized by a decrease in bone density, producing porous and fragile bones osteoporosis
the process by which your body gets energy from food metabolism
the ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to utilize and send fuel and oxygen to the body's tissues during long periods of moderate-to-vigorous activity cardiorespiratory endurance
the amount of force a muscle can exert muscular strength
the ability of the muscles to preform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming fatigued muscle endurance
the ability to move a body part through a full range of motion flexibility
the ratio of body fat to lean body tissue body composition
purposeful physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive and that improves or maintains personal fitness exercise
any activity that uses large muscle groups, is rhythmic in nature, and can be maintained continuously for at least 10 minutes three times a day or for 20 to 30 minutes at one time aerobic exercise
intense short bursts of activity in which the muscles work so hard that they produce energy without using oxygen anaerobic exercise
working the body harder than it is normally worked overload
is the gradual increase in overload necessary to achieve higher levels of fitness progression
particular exercises and activities improve particular areas of health related fitness specificity
an activity that prepares the muscles for work warm-up
the part of an exercise program when the activity is preformed at its highest peak workout
frequency, intensity, time/duration and type of activity F.I.T.T.
is an activity that prepares the muscles to return to a resting state cool-down
is the number of times your heart beats in one minute when you are not active resting heart rate
is a program of formalized physical preparation for involvement in a sport or another physical activity training program
is taking in fluids so that the body functions properly hydration
synthetic substances that are similar to the male hormone testosterone anabolic steroids
search or check for diseases that an individual would otherwise not have knowledge of or seek help for health screening
overworking the body overexertion
muscles spasms that result from a loss of large amounts of salt and water through percpiration heat cramps
a condition in which the body loses the ability to rid itself of excessive heat through perspiration heat stroke
a condition that results when body tissues become frozen frostbite
condition in which body temp. becomes dangerously low hypothermia
a spasm or sudden tightening of a muscle muscle cramp
condition resulting from damaging a muscle or tendon strain
an injury to the ligament surrounding a joint sprain
Created by: madie56