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LPT Gastrointestinal

Gastrointestinal System

QuestionAnswer
drug that neutralizes hydrochloric acid in the stomach antacid
slows intestinal motility and slows production of stomach acid anticholinergic
slows intestinal motility helping to produce formed stools antidiarrheal
prevents or relieves nausea and vomiting antiemetic
What can form in the kidneys and damage them if you are taking Septra and don't have enough fluid intake? crystals
flexible tube used to view inside the body Endoscope
What color is normal urine? pale yellow, straw colored
What are the five steps in the GI process? breaking up food, transporting food, secreting digestive enzymes, absorbing nutrients, excreting solid waste products
Eructation burping
Where is bile produced? Liver
What is food mixed with gastric juices called? chyme
What drug class causes vomiting? Emetic
Medical term for vomiting? emesis
First portion of the small intestine? duodenum
Where is bile stored? gall bladder
What leads from the mouth to the stomach? esophagus
What two things does an astringent do to swollen tissues? shrinks, dries
What is the liver disease characterized by degeneration and destruction of liver cells? cirrhosis
Another name for the large intestine colon
What organ secretes digestive enzymes that empty into the duodenum? pancreas
If you were constipated what class of medication might you take? Laxative
What is the bodily fluid that helps begin to breakdown certain sugars? saliva
Class of drug that relieves gassiness and bloating. antiflatulent
Digestive juice produced by liver and stored in gall bladder. bile
Distal or far end of the large intestine. rectum
What is dyspepsia? indigestion
Inflammation of the liver. hepatitis
Gas in the stomach and intestines flatulence
Solid waste from food digestion. feces
Chronic nonspecific inflammatory bowel disease affecting ileum, jejumum and colon. Chrohn's disease
Greasy foods and coffee cause this in some people. diarrhea
As you swallow, what closes to prevent food from entering the lungs? epiglottis
What type of movement helps to push food down into the stomach? peristalsis
What nervous system controls function of the digestive system? Autonomic
What organ of the body stores nutrients, removes waste products, produces clotting substances and helps with the immune system? liver
About how long is the small intestine? 20 feet
The part of the small intestine closest to the stomach is the what? duodenum
What are the tiny fingerlike projections that line the small intestine? villi
What is one of the main functions of the small intestines? absorb nutrients
An open sore in the lining of the stomach is called an __________. ulcer
Disease of the colon and rectum characterized by inflammation and ulceration. ulcerative colitis
Surgically produced opening in the abdomen. stoma
The three section of the small intestine are: duodenum, jejunum, ileum
Medical term referring to digestion in the stomach. peptic
A substance that assists in digestion or chemical change. enzyme
If intestinal motility is too fast what type of stool might you have? diarrhea
True or false, intestinal motility is influenced by emotions, the nervous system and the presence of infection. True
Medications for the gastrointestinal system are always given with food, true or false? False
What is reversal of peristalsis? emesis
Does the large intestine absorb mostly nutrients or water? water
Large swollen, itching veins around an anal opening that sometimes result from straining are called. hemorrhoids
Stool that contains blood from the digestive system may appear to be what? black and tarry
Emesis containing blood may appear to look somewhat like what. coffee grounds
An abdominal infection that causes serious inflammation and requires emergency surgery is: peritonitis
About how many quarts will the stomach expand to hold? 2
On the average, how many hours is food held in the stomach? 3
What is another name for the large intestine? colon
About how many feet long is the colon? 5
What is another term for heartburn? hyperacidity
This condition may be caused by slow movement of the intestine, lack of fiber and fluids, psychological factors, lack of physical activity, or hardened feces. constipation
What class of medications would be used for a constipated person? laxitives
Loose stools caused by intestistinal infection, stress, food allergies or intolerance, medications and certain diseases is called: diarrhea
True or false: Tooth and gum diseases such as gingivitis and trench mouth as well as tooth decay can lead to GI problems. True
Inflammation of the stomach that can be caused by irritants is called: gastritis
What is the bacteria that could cause an ulcer? Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
What class of drugs neutralize hydrochloric acid in the stomach? Antacids
What class of drugs inhibit gastric acid secretion? Histamine 2 receptor antagonists
What is the name of a group of symptons characterized by intermittent abdominal pain, changes in bowel patterns that seems to be related to food intolerance or or psychological factors Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Condition where pouches develop and can become inflammed in the large intestine. diverticulosis
Laxatives that stimulate peristalsis are classified as what type of laxatives? stimulent
Laxatives that increase the bulk of the stool are classified as what type of laxative? bulk
Laxatives that incorporate liquid in the bowel into the stool are want type of laxitive? stool softener
Classification of drug given for intestinal parasites are what? antihelmintics
Appetitite suppressants are classified as what type of drug? anorexiants
True or False: Timing of many GI drugs is important and some drugs must be given before during or after mealtimes or they will not be useful. True
What class of drug is simethicone (Mylicon)? antiflatulent
What class of drug is dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)? antiemetic
What class of drug is dicyclomine (Bentyl)? antispasmotic
What class of drug is Lomotil? antidiarrheal
What class of drug is biscodyl (Dulcolax)? laxative
What class of drug is docusate sodium (Colace)? laxative
What class of drug is ranitidine (Zantac)? antiulcer
What class of drug are Previcid, Nexium, Protonix and Prilosec (given for ulcers)? Proton Pump Inhibiters
Created by: LPT Program