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Corrections ch 4

TermDefinition
Retribution Punishment inflicted on a person who has infringed on the rights of others and so deserves to be penalized. The severity of the sanction should fit the seriousness of the crime
General Deterrence Punishment that is intended to be an example to the general public and to discourage the commission of offenses by others.
Specific Deterrence(special or individual deterrence) Punishment inflicted on convicted individuals to discourage them from committing future crimes.
Incapacitation Depriving a person of the ability to commit crimes against society, usually by detaining the person in prison.
Selective incapacitation Making the best use of expensive and limited prison space by targeting for incarceration those people whose incapacity will do the most to reduce crime in society.
Rehabilitation The goal of restoring a convicted person to a constructive place in society through some form of vocational or education training or therapy.
Restoration Punishment designed to repair the damage done to the victim and community by a person's criminal acts.
Indeterminate sentencing A period of incarceration with minimum and maximum terms stipulated so that parole eligibility depends on the time necessary for treatment; it is closely associated with the rehabilitation concept.
Determinate Sentencing A fixed period of incarceration imposed by a court; it is associated with the concept of retribution or deserved punishment.
Presumptive Sentencing A sentence for which the legislature or a commission sets a minimum and maximum range of months or years. Judges are to fix the length of the sentence within that range, allowing for special circumstances.
Mandatory Sentencing A sentence stipulating that some minimum period of incarceration must be served by people convicted of selected crimes, regardless of background or circumstances.
Good Time A reduction of a person's prison sentence, at the discretion of the prison administrator, for good behavior or for participation in vocational, educational, and treatment programs.
Intermediate Sanctions A variety of punishments that are more restrictive than traditional probation but less severe and costly than incarceration.
Probation A sentence allowing the convicted individual to serve the sanctions imposed by the court while he or she lives in the community under supervision.
Shock Probation A sentence by which an individual is released after a short incarceration and re sentenced to probation.
Restitution Money paid to the victim by the convicted individual
Felon disenfranchisment a term used to describe laws that either temporarily or permanently restrict the voting rights of individuals convicted of felony offenses.
presentence report Report prepared by a probation officer, who investigates a convicted persons background to helo the judge select an appropriate sentence.
Sentencing guidelines an instrument developed for judges that indicate the usual sanctions given previously for particular offenses.
Sentencing disparity Divergence in the lengths and types of sentences imposed for the same crime or for crimes of comparable seriousness when no reasonable justification can be discerned.
Wrongful conviction a conviction that occurs when an innocent person is found guilty by either plea or verdict.
Created by: CheyenneN320
 

 



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