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Cells

S7L2

TermDefinition
Prokaryotic A cell without a nucleus
Eukaryote A cell with a nucleus
Unicellular An organism made of only one cell
Multicellular An organism made of more than one cell
Animal Cell A cell with small vacuoles and no chloroplasts or cell walls
Plant Cell A cell with a large vacuole, chloroplasts, and a cell wall
Cell Theory The theory that states that: Cells are the basic unit of life, All cells are made of preexisting cells, and that all living creatures have cells
Robert Hooke The scientist who first called the small compartments in cork "cells"
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek The scientist who first discovered single celled organisms
Compound Microscope A microscope that uses more than one lens to magnify an object
Cell Membrane The layer of material that borders the cell and acts as border control
Cytoplasm The gel-like fluid that hold the cell organelles in place
Nucleus The control center of the cell that holds the chromosomes
Chromosomes Parts of the cell within the nucleus that holds the DnA
Endoplasmic Reticulum Creates and transports lipids and hormones.
Mitochondria THE POWERHOUSE OF THE CELL!!!!!!!!!!
Ribsome The protein producing factories within the cell
Golgi Body The part of the cell packages smaller molecules into bigger molecules that are more complex
Lysosomes Parts of the cell that break down waste and old cell parts
Cell Wall The rigid layer of material surrounding a plant cell that adds structure and protection for the plant.
Chloroplasts Organelles withing a plant cell the turns sunlight into usable energy.
Vacuole Organelles in the cell that stores food, waste, and nutrients.
Passive Transport Movement of molecules across the cell membrane without using energy
Diffusion A form of passive transport where molecules move from HIGH concentration to LOW concentration
Osmosis The diffusion of water into the cell
Active Transport Movement of molecules across the cell membrane that requires energy
Endocytosis The movement of molecules into the cell
Exocytosis The movement of molecules out of the cell
Photosynthesis The process by which the chloroplasts within a plant cell produce energy by converting sunlight into glucose
Cellular Respiration Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose in the presence of oxygen
Isotonic Solution A solution with the same solute concentration as another solution.
Hypertonic Solution A solution with a higher solute concentration than another solution.
Hypotonic Solution A solution with a lower solute concentration than another solution.
Created by: bigadultperson