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Mr. Schikel CJ 101

TermDefinition
Constitutional Law Law Based on the U.S. Constitution and the constitutions of the various states
Statutory Law The body of law enacted by legislative bodies
Administrative Law the rules, orders and decisions of regulatory agencies (federal, state, local government agency)
Case Law The rule of laws announced in court decisions
Civil Law the branch of law dealing with the definition and enforcement of all private or public rights, instead of criminal matters
Beyond a reasonable doubt the degree of proof required to find a defendant guilty in a criminal trial for committing a crime
Preponderance of the evidence In a civil case, the degree of proof required to decide in favor of one side or another
Felonies a serious crime usually punishable by death or imprisonment for a year or longer
Misdemeanor a criminal offense that is not a felony; usually punishable by a fine and/or jail term of less than one year
Corpus Delicti The body of circumstance that must exist for a criminal act to have occurred
Actus Reus A guilt act
Mens Rea Mental state, or intent
How long has criminal activity been around and where is it a primary concern It has undoubtedly been with us since the dawn of history, and criminal control has long been a primary concern of politicians and government leaders worldwide
In the 1960's and 1970's, what did we see? A burgeoning concern for the rights of ethnic and racial minorities, women, and people with disabilities, and many other groups
By the mid 1980's we saw? Individual rights was accompanied by a dramatic increase in the sale and use of illicit drugs threaten the foundation of American society
USA PATRIOT ACT Enacted in 2001 as a legislative response to terrorism, the law whose provisions were reauthorized by Congress with minor revisions in 2006
What does the PATRIOT ACT stand for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001
criminal conduct a criminal act triggered by acriminal intent
Justification Defenses defendants admit they were responsible for their acts, but claim, that under circumstances, what they did was right
Perfect Defense defenses in which defendants are acquitted if they're successful
Subpoena A legal order requiring an individual to appear in court
Witness Anyone who testifies before a court
Jury A group of citizens selected to hear evidence in court
Arraigment When someone accused of a crime is brought to court to hear the charges and to plead guilty or not guilty
Ordiance A written law for a town or city
What is NOT a goal of the criminal justice system Making Money
Created by: Mr.Schikel