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Chapter 4 Vocabulary
NALS Chapter 4 Vocabulary Words
|Sof a computer and the jobs it can perform,
|A second copy of computer data made to avoid data loss in the event of a computer outage.
|A unit that measures data. One byte is the equivalent of one letter, number, or punctuation mark. A kilobyte (KB) is one thousand bytes; a megabyte (MG) is one million bytes; a gigabyte (GB) is one million bytes.
|Case Management/Electronic Case Filing (CM/ECF)
|The electronic filling system used in the federal court system.
|Compact Disk-Read Only Memory
|Central Processing Unit (CPU)
|The part of the computer system where all computations, sorting, selecting, and data manipulation take place; oversees the use of the main memory and monitors input and output operations.
|A compilation of data fields and records that is collects, stored, and organized for later retrieval through sorting, searches, queries, etc.
|Database Management System
|Software that is used to collect, store, and organize data into a database.
|Electronic filing (efiling)
|A system used by courts, government agencies, attorneys, and the public to reduce paperwork and electronically file documents over the internet using a standard web browser,
|a system for sending messages from one individual to another via telecommunications links between computers or terminals using dedicated software
|One piece of information about a person or business used in a data source.
|Refers to the style or design of a collection of letters, numerals, symbols, and punctuation marks.
|Used in documents and pleadings to place the title and page number on each page as well as other document information.
|Graphical user interface
|A system using icons and pictures to display menus and choices on a computer.
|The physical elements of a computer, such as a keyboard, monitor, printer, case or chassis, modem, scanner, and joy stick.
|Places text and graphics at the top of each page.
|Keyboard, mouse, optical character reader, imaging scanner, and voice recognition system are all examples.
|Refers to 4 types of text alignment, left justification, center justification, full justification, or right justification.
|Web address that contain an activated linkage to another location or website on the internet.
|Local area network (LAN)
|The linking of computers within close proximity, i.e., in the same building
|A computer feature that allows the operator to record multiple keystrokes and then play them back with just a few keystrokes.
|Large, very expensive high-speed machines that require trained operators and special temperature environments, used for specific and engineering computation.
|A general term referring to problems that can be transmitters from computer to computer through email or Internet access, such as viruses, Trojans, and keyboard scanners.
|Data stores in a computer that shows who created, accessed, or revised a document, what changes were made and by whom. and the dates and times when all of this occurred.
|Small-sized computers often called personal or desktop computers (PCs)
|Mid-sized, powerful computers often used as a network servers.
|Codes that are invoked once to create a change in line spacing, margins, tab settings, font changes, justification, and page numbering which affect only text to the right of the code.
|Software that controls the flow of information to and from the central processing unit and to and from the input and output devices.
|Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
|A scanner that converts an image into a character- based text file.
|A computer peripheral such as a monitor or printer,
|Codes that are turns on and off to invoke changes such as underlining, bold face, italics, and styles and affect only the text appearing between the paired codes.
|Devices that are connected to a computer, such as terminals, tape drives, disk drives, modems, printers, and scanners.
|Notebooks, laptops, handhelds, tablets, and even smartphones qualify as portable computers.
|Made up of all the fields relating to one person or business in a data source.
|The feature which allows the comparison of one document to another.
|Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI)
|An injury caused by physical strain due to repetitive movement; carpal tunnel is a common RSI.
|All programs needed to instruct, control, and operate the hardware of a computer system, such as flowcharts, manuals, programs, routines, training, and the like.
|The tool used to create a consistent appearance in a word processing document, while reducing keystrokes required to format the document.
|A device found on many laptops that allows fingerprint control of cursor movement.
|A device with a ball on top that is rolled with the fingertips to move the cursor, while the base of the device remains stationary.
|Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
|The address or code at which an Internet site ca be located.
|Sometimes called memory sticks, flash drives, or thumb drives, these devices plug into USB drives or a computer and contain memory that functions like a hard drive.
|Computer code that can be copied into existing computer program and make itself known by in peding correct function of the program.
|A program that allows a computer user to explore the Internet.
|A small, inexpensive device that functions like a camera, with its images being sent over the Internet.
|Web page or Website
|An individual site found on the Internet.
|Wide Area Network (WAN)
|the linking of computers that are located far apart, i.e., in different cities, through cables, fiber optics, or satellites.
|A portable computer drive, now nearly obsolete due to the common usage of recordable CDs and DVDs.