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NALS Chapter4 369809

Cool Lawyer's Assistant words

Application term used to refer to the specific uses of a computer and the jobs it can perform
Backup a second copy of computer data made to avoid data loss in the event of a computer outage
Byte A unit that ,measures data. One byte is the equivalent of one letter, number, or punctuation mark.
Case Management / Electronic Case Fling (CM/ECF) The electronic filing system used in the federal court system
CD-ROM Compact Disk-Read Only Memory
Central processing unit (CPU) The part of a computer system where all computations, sorting, selecting, and data manipulation takes place; oversees the use of the main memory and monitors input and output operations
Database A compilation of data fields and records that is collected, stored, and organized for later retrieval through sorting, searches, queries, ect.
Database management system Software that is used to collect, store, and organize data into a database
Data source The file that contains a set of names, addresses, phone numbers, and other types of individual information used for merging
Document management system a computerized mechanism for naming, storing, and labeling documents for ease and accuracy of later retrieval
Electronic filing (efiling) A system used by the courts, government agencies, attorneys, and the public to reduce paperwork and electronically file documents over the internet using a standard web browser
Email The system of delivering and receiving messages electronically using a modem or router, telephone line or cable, and communications software
Field One piece of information about a person or business used in a data source
Fonts refers to the style or design of a collection of letter, numerals, symbols, and punctuation marks
Footers used in a document and pleadings to place the title and page number on each page as well as other document information
Graphical user interface a system using icons and pictures to display menus and choices on a computer
Hardware The physical elements of a computer, such as a keyboard, monitor, printer, case or chassis, modem, scanner, and joy stick
Headers places text and graphics at the top of each page
Input Device keyboard, mouse, optical character reader, imaging scanner, and voice recognition system are all examples
Justification refers to four types of text alignment left justification, center justification, full justification, or right justification
Links web addresses that contain an activated linkage to another location or website on the Internet
Local area network (LAN) the linking of computers within close proximity, i.e., in the same building
Macro(s) a computer feature that allows the operator to record multiple keystrokes and then play them back with just a few keystrokes
Mainframe computers Large, very expensive high-speed machines that require trained operators and special temperature environments, used for scientific and engineering computations
Malware a general term referring to problems that can be transmitted from computer to computer through email or Internet access, such as viruses, Trojans, and keyboard scanners
Metadata data stored in a computer that shows who created, accessed, or revised a document, what changes were made and by whom, and the dates and times when all of this occured
Microcomputers small-sized computers often called personal or desktop computers (PCs)
Minicomputers Mid-sized, powerful computers often used as network servers
Open codes codes that are invoked once to create a change in line spacing, margins, tab stings, font changes, justification, and page numbering which affect only text to the right of the code
Operating system software that controls the flow of information to and from the central processing unit and to and from the input and output devices
Optical Character Recognition (OCR) a scanner that converts an image into a character-based text file
Output device a computer peripheral such as a monitor or printer
Paired codes codes that are turned on and off to invoke changes such as underlining, bold face, italics, and styles and affect only the text appearing between the paired codes
Peripherals devices that are connected to a computer, such as terminals, tape drivers, disk drives, modems, printers, and scanners
Portable computers notebooks, laptops, handhelds, tablets, and even smartphones qualify as portable computers
Record made up of all the fields relating to one person or business in a data source
Redline (blacklines) the feature which allows the comparison of one document to another
Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI) an injury caused by physical strain due to repetitive movement; carpal tunnel is a common RSI
Software all programs needed to instruct, control, and operate the hardware of a computer system, such as flowcharts, manuals, programs, routines, training, and the like
Styles the tool used to create a consistent appearance in a word processing document, while reducing keystrokes required to format the document
Track pad a device found on many laptops that allow fingertip control of cursor movement
Trackball a device with a ball on top that is rolled with the fingertips to move the cursor, while the base of the device remains stationary
Uniform Resource Locator (URL) the address or code at which an Internet site can be located
USB drives sometimes called memory sticks, flash drives, or thumb drives, these devices plug into the USB drives on a computer and contain memory that functions like a hard drive
Virus computer code that can be copied into an existing computer program and make itself known by impeding correct function of the program
Web browser a program that allows a computer user to explore the internet
Webcam a small, inexpensive device that functions like a camera, with its images being sent over the Internet
Web page or website an individual site found on the Internet
Wide Area Network (WAN) the linking of computers that are located far apart, i.e., in different cities, through cables, fiber optics, or satellites
Zip drive a portable computer drive, now nearly obsolete due to the common usage of recordable CDs and DVDs
Created by: brookeap16
Popular Criminal Justice sets




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