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Death Investigations

TermDefinition
Adipocere Soapy appearance of a dead body left for weeks in a hot moist location
Algor Mortis The postmortem cooling process of the body
Asphyixiation Death or unconsciousness resulting from insufficient oxygen to support the red blood cells reaching the body tissues and the brain.
Autoerotic Asphyxiation Accidental death from suffocation strangulation or chemical asphyxia resulting from a combination of ritualistic behavior oxygen deprivation danger and fantasy for sexual gratification
Cadaveric Spasm A condition occurring in certain muscle groups that can indicate suicide
Criminal Homicide Includes murder and manslaughter and is a felony
Criminal Negligence acts of commission or omission creating situations resulting in unreasonable risk of death or great bodily
Defense Wounds nonfatal wounds incurred by victims as they attempted to ward off attackers.
Equivocal death death inquiries that are open to interpretation investagations
Excusable homicide unintentional truly accidental killing of another person
expressive Violence that stemming from hurt feelings anger or rage in contrast to instrumental violence which is goal directed predatory behavior used to exert control
First degree Murder premeditated killing of another person or killing someone while committing or attempting to commit a felony
heat of passion extremely volatile emotional condition
Hesitation Wounds less severe cutting marks caused by an individual attempts to build up courage before making a fatal cutting wound.
homicide the killing of one person by another
instrumental violence goal directed predatory behavior used to exert control in contrast to expressive violence which stems from hurt feelings anger or rage
involuntary mansluaghter killing someone through extreme culpable negligece
justifiable homicide killing another person under authorization of law
lethal predator a extremely dangerous sub type of lethal criminal who possessses
livor mortis dark blue or purple discoloration of the body where blood has drained to the lowest level after death.
lust murder a homicide in which the offender searches for erotic satisfaction by killing someone.
malicious intent without just cause or reason, to commit a wrongful act that will result in harm to another
mansluaghter the crime of killing a human being without malice aforethought, or otherwise in circumstances not amounting to murder.
mass murder is the act of murdering a number of people,
mummification to make (a dead body) into a mummy, as by embalming and drying.is a process in which the skin and flesh of a corpse can be preserved.
murder the unlawful premeditated killing of one human being by another.
noncriminal homicide ruling, usually committed in self-defense or in defense of another, exists under United States law.
postmortem lividity dark blue or purple discoloration of the body where blood has drained to the lowest level after death.
predation the action of attacking or plundering
premeditation the action of planning something (especially a crime) beforehand.
rigor mortis stiffening of the joints and muscles of a body a few hours after death, usually lasting from one to four days
2nd degree murder an intentional killing that is not premeditated or planned, nor committed in a reasonable "heat of passion"
serial murder is a person who murders three or more people, usually in service of abnormal psychological gratification, with the murders taking place over more than a month and including a significant break (a "cooling off period") between them.
sucide the act or an instance of taking one's own life voluntarily and intentionally especially by a person of years of discretion and of sound mind
suicide by police method in which a suicidal individual deliberately behaves in a threatening manner, with intent to provoke a lethal response from a law enforcement officer.
3rd degree murder is any intentional killing that involves no prior intent to kill, and which was committed under such circumstances that would "cause a reasonable person to become emotionally or mentally disturbed".
toxicology the branch of science concerned with the nature, effects, and detection of poisons.
voluntary slaughter is the killing of a human being in which the offender had no prior intent to kill and acted during "the heat of passion", under circumstances that would cause a reasonable person to become emotionally or mentally disturbed.
Created by: TravonteWhite