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Medical Language

Hyper- Excessive
Glyc/o Suger
-Emia A blood condition
Hypo- Under (or deficiency)
Derm/o The skin
-Ic Pertaining to
Bi- Two
Later/o Side(s)
-Al Pertaining to
Echo- Using sound
Cardi/o The heart
-Gram A record
-Graph The machine used to record
-Graphy The process of recording
Electro- Electrical activity
Micro- Small
Bi/o Life
-Logy The study of
-Ist A specialist
Sypra- Above
Ren/o Kidney
-Ic Pertaining to
Epi- Above
Gastr/o The stomach
Nephr/o Kidney
Lith/o Stone(s)
-Iasis Abnormal condition
Thromb/o Clot
Cyt/o Cell(s)
-Osis Abnormal condition
Pre- Before
Nat/i Birth
Post- After
Prandi/o Meals
Sub- Under
Nas/o The nose
a- No
Men/o Menstrual
-Rrhea Flow
Inter- Between
Vertebr/o The vertebrae
Endo- Within
Trache/o The trachea
Retro- Behind
Stern/o The sternum
Trans- Across or through
Urethr/o The uretra
Anti- Against
Bacteri/o Bacteria
Leuko- White
-Penia A deficiency
Vascul/o Blood vessels
-Ar Pertaining to
Multi- Many
Para- Life (viable) biths
-Ous Pertanining to
Athr/o A joint
-Centesis Surgical puncture
Colon/o The colon
-Scope A usually lighted instrument used to view
-Scopy The process of using a usually lighted instrument to view
Lapar/o The abdomen
Append/o The appendix
-Ectomy Surgical removal (excision)
Hepat/o The liver
-Itis Inflammation
Rhin/o The nose
-Plasty Surgical repair
Mast/o A breast
-Pexy Surgical fixation
Splen/o The spleen
-Megaly Enlargement
Oste/o Bone
-Tome An instrument to cut
Phleb/o A vein
-Tomy A surgical incision
Col/o The colon
-Stomy A new (artificial) opening
Cephal/o The head
-Algia Pain
Thorac/o The thorax (chest)
-Dynia Pain
Hem/o Blood
-Lysis Break up of destruction
-Lytic Break up of destrction
Hemat/o Blood
-Emesis Vomiting
Herni/o Hernia
-Rrhaphy Sturing
-Cid Killing
Path/o Disease
-Gen Creation of
Carcin/o A cancerous
-Oma Tumor or mass
Acr/o Heights
Phob/o Fear of
-Ia A condition of
Therm/o Heat
-Meter An instrument to measure
Pelv/i The pelvis
-Metry The process of measuring
Angi/o A vessel
-Rrhenxis A rupture
Vas/o A vessel
-Spasm An inoluntary muscle contraction
Quadri- Paralysis
Pleg/o Four (extremities)
Thyr/o The thyroid
Tox/o Poisoning
Dipl- Double
-Opia Vision
Lip/o Fat
-Oid Resembling
-Tripsy Crushing
Phas/o Speech
Dys- Difficult or painful
Phag/o Swallowing
-Cele Herniation
Neur/o Nerve
-Y A condition of
Arteri/o Artery(ies)
-Stenosis Narrowing
Blephar/o An eyelid
-Spasm Involuntary muscle contraction
-Plasia Growth or development
-Trophy Growth or development
Neo- New
-Plasm Growth or development
Hemi- Right or left half (side) of the body
Semi- Half
Circul/o A circle
Uni- One
-Uria Urination
Tri- Three
Angul/o Angles
An- No
Estesi/o Feeling or nervous sensation
Circum- Around
Cis/o Cutting
Peri- Around
Ex- Out
Hetero- Diffrent
Sex/o Sexes
-Ual Pertaining to
Homo- Same
Created by: kburgess1992