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Terminology

Mod 6 terminology

QuestionAnswer
a-, an- not,without
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH anti-diuretic hormone
ad- toward, in the direction of
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency hormone
ambul/o walk
amnion amni/o
andr/o male, in relation to male
ante- before
anti- against
anus an/o
ASAP as soon as possible
-asthenia weakness
BaE barium enema
bi- two, double
black melan/o, anthrac/o
blood hem/o, hemat/o
blue cyan/o
BM bowel movement
bone oste/o
brady- slow
brain encephal/o
CAD coronary artery disease
cardi/o heart
cartilage chondr/o
CBC complete blood count
-cele hernia, swelling
CHF congestive heart failure
cell cyt/o, -cyte
chlor/o green
choledoch/o bile duct
chondr/o cartilage
-clasis to break, surgical fracture
colour chrom/o,, chromat/o
condition of -ia, -iasis, -ism, -us, -esis, -y, -ema, -isy, -sis
contra- against
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
core/o pupil
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
cranium crani/o
crin/o secrete
cry/o cold
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CT Computed tomography
CVA cerebrovascular accident
D&C dilation and curettage
dacry/o tear, tear duct
death necr/o, -necrosis
decrease -penia
dent/o tooth, teeth
destruction of -lysis
di- two, double
dia- through, across
dilation ectasis
discharge from -rrhea
double di-, bi-
dys- bad,painful, difficult
ear ot/o, aur/o, auric/o
eardrum tympan/o, myring/o
eating, swallowing phag/o, -phage, -phagia
ECG electrocardiogram
ect/o outside
-ectasis dilation, expantion
-ectomy excision, removal
-edema swelling
EEG electroencephalogram
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
enlargement -megaly
eosin/o rose, dawn coloured
epi- above, upon
ER emergency room
-esthenia feeling, sensation
eu- good, normal
excessive hyper-
excision -ectomy
exo- outward
eye ophthalm/o, ocul/o
false pseud/o
first primi-
forming, producing gen/o, -genesis, -poiesis
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
Fx fracture
gastr/o stomach
GI gastrointestinal
glands aden/o
gluc/o sugar, glucose
glyc/o sugar, glucose
GP general practitioner
-gram x-ray, writing, record
-graph instrument to record
-graphy processof recording
gray glauc/o
gray matter poli-, poli/o
Hgb hemoglobin
hearing audi/o, audit/o, acous/o, -acusis, -cusis, -cusia
heart cardi/o
HEENT head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
hemat/o blood
hem- one half
hemorrhage -rrhage, -rrhagia
hernia -cele
hist/o tissue
homeostasis control of same, internal balance
Hx history
hyper- excessive, above
hypo- deficien, below
-iasis condition of
ichthy/o dry and scaly
ICU intensive care unit
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
ilium ili/o
-ism condition of
incision -tomy
inflammation of -itis
infra- below, under
instrument to view -scope
instrument to cut -tome
instrument to record -graph
instrument to crush -triptor
irid/o iris
-itis inflammation of
joint arthr/o
kal- potassium
kary/o nucleus
kidney ren/o, nephr/o
kinesi/o movement
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
lack of -penia
later/o side,side by side
lith/o stone
-lysis destruction, loosening, separation
-malacia softening
measuring -metry
mmHg milimeters of mercury
morph/o shape, form
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS multiple sclerosis, musculoskeletal, mental status, mitral stenosis
muscle my/o
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
narc/o sleep, stupor
narrowing -stenosis
necr/ death
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
no non-
NPO nothing by mouth
NSAIDs Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
nyct/o night
OB-GYN obstetrics and gynecology
OD right eye
-oid resembling
-ologist specialist in the study of
-ology study of
-oma tumor
onych/o nail
oophor/o ovary
-osis abnormal condition of
oste/o bone
pain -algia, -dynia, -algesia
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accomodation
PAP papanicolaou's smear/test
para- near, beside
paralysis -plegia
parathyroid parathyroid/o
-pathy disease
-penia deficiency
-pepsia digestion
per- through, across
peri- around
-phagia eating, swallowing, digesting
-phasia speech
-phonia voice, sound
-physis growth, development
pil/o hair
-plasty surgical repair
pro- before
productin of -genesis, gen/o, -poiesis
prostat/o prostate gland
pt patient
-ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse, downward displacement
-ptysis spitting, coughing up
pulmon/o lung, air
puncture of -centesis
pyel/o renal pelvis
R/O rule out
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RBC red blood count/cell
rectum rect/o
red erythr/o, erythem/o, erythemat/o, rube/o, rhod/o
pertaining to -ic, -al, -ary, -ous
repair of -plasty
retro- backward, behind
ROM range of motion
rose coloured eosin/o
-rrhagia bursting forth, hemorrhage
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
RUQ right upper quadrant
salping/o tube, eustachian tube, fallopian tube, oviduct
-sarcoma malignant tumor
scaly squam/o
schist/o split, cleft
scoli/o crooked, bent
-scope instrument to examine/view
-scopy visual examination/exam
seb/o sebum
sensation -esthesia
sial/o saliva, salivary gland
skin derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o, -derma
SOB shortness of breath
somat/o body
speech -phasia
spinal cord, bone marrow myel/o
spine rachi/o, spin/o
suspension -pexy
sweat hidr/o, sudor/o
T&A tonsilectomy and adenoidectomy
-tachy fast, rapid
TB tuberculosis
tear duct dacry/o, dacryocyst/o, lacrim/o
thrombo- blood clot
TIA transient ischemic attack
-tome instrument to cut
-tomy incision
ton/o tone, pressure, tension
toxic tox/o, toxic/o
trachea trache/o
trans- through, across
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
tumor -oma
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
UA urinalysis
ultra- beyond, excess
uni- one
ur/o urine, urinary system
ureter ureter/o
urethra urethr/o
URI upper respiratory infection
-uria urine, urine condition
urination ur/o, -uria
vagina colp/o, vagin/o
valvul/o small valve
vesic/o bladder
vision -opia, -opsia
VS vital signs
water hydr/o, aque/o
within en-, endo-, end-, intra-
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
x-ray radi/o, roentgen/o, -gram
yellow xanth/o, lute/o, cirrh/o, jaund/o
Ab antibodies
ab abortion
ABGs arterial blood gases
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
AD right ear, alzheimer's disease
ad lib at liberty
ADH anti-diuretic hormone
AF atrial fibrillation
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Ak above the knee
AP anterioposterior
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
AS left ear
ASAP as soon as possible
BaE barium enema
bid twice a day
BK below the knee
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
Bx biopsy
CAD coronary artery disease
CBC complete blood count
CCu critical care unit
CHF congestive heart failure
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CT computed tomography
CVA cerebrovascular accident
CXR chest x-ray
D&C dilation and curettage
DJD degenerative joint disease
DOA dead on arrival
DOB date of birth
DVT deep vein thrombosis
ECG eletrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiogram, echoencephalogram
EEG electroencephalogram
EENT eyes, ears, nose, throat
EMG electromyography
ENT ears, nose throat
ER emergency room
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
FBS fasting blood sugar
FHR fetal heart rate
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
Fx fracture
GB gallbladder
GBS gallbladder series
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
GP general practitioner
GTT glucose tolerance test
GYN gynecology
HAV hepatitis A virus
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCG human chorionic gonadotropin
HEENT Head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
Hgb hemoglobin
hs at bedtime
Hx history
ICU intensive care unit
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IM intramuscular
IOP intraocular pressure
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
LLQ left lower quadrant
LMP last menstrual period
LUQ left upper quadrant
MI myocardial infarction
mmHg milimeter of mercury
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS multiple sclerosis, mitral stenosis, musculoskeletal, mental status
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
no none
NPO nothing by mouth
NSAIDs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
OB-GYN obstetrics and gynecology
OD right eye
OS left eye
os mouth
OU both eyes
PAP papnicolaou's smear/test
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accomodation
PGH pituitary growth hormone
pH potential for hydrogen (level of acidity/alkalinity)
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PSA prostate specific antigen
pt patient
PUD peptic ulcer disease
q2h every two hours
R/O rule out
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RAIU radioactive iodine uptake
RBC red blood cell/count
REM rapid eye movement
RLQ right lower quadrant
ROM range of motion
RUQ right upper quadrant
Rx prescription, therapy
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SOB shortness of breath
STAT immediately
STD sexually transmitted disease
T&A tonsilectomy and adenoidectomy
TB tuberculosis
THR total hip replacement
TIA transient ischemic attack
TPR temperature, pulse, respirations
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
TURP transurethral resection of prostate
UA urinalysis
URI upper respiratory infection
VA visual acuity
VF visual field
VS visual signs
VT ventricular tachycardia
WBC white blood cell/count
Created by: stacison