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Bio&Psycho Chap 11

Principles and Practices of Rehabilitation

QuestionAnswer
activities of daily living (ADLs): self-care activities including bathing, grooming, dressing, eating, toileting, and bowel and bladder care
adaptive device: a type of assistive technology that is used to change the environment or help the person to modify the environment (eg, a ramp that can be used in place of steps for someone in a wheelchair)
assistive device: a type of assistive technology that helps people with disabilities perform a given task (eg, a lap board with pictures that is used to assist a person who cannot talk to communicate)
assistive technology: any item, piece of equipment, or product system—whether acquired commercially, off the shelf, modified, or customized—that is used to improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities; this term encompasses both assistive devices and ad
disability: restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in a normal manner, the consequences of impairment in terms of an individual’s functional performance and activity; disabilities represent disturbances at the level of the person (eg, bathing, dressing
habilitation: making able; learning new skills and abilities to meet maximum potential
impairment: loss or abnormality of psychological, physiologic, or anatomic structure or function at the organ level (eg, dysphagia, hemiparesis); an abnormality of body structure, appearance, an organ, or system function resulting from any cause
instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs): complex aspects of independence including meal preparation, grocery shopping, household management, finances, and transportation
pressure ulcer: breakdown of the skin due to prolonged pressure and insufficient blood supply, usually at bony prominences
rehabilitation: making able again; relearning skills or abilities or adjusting existing functions
Created by: jhrobins99