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Cardio Chapter 32

Assessment and Management of Patients With Hypertension

QuestionAnswer
dyslipidemia: abnormal blood lipid levels, including high total, low-density lipoprotein, and triglyceride levels as well as low high-density lipoprotein levels
glomerular filtration rate (GFR): flow rate of filtered fluid through the kidney, an indicator of renal function
hypertensive emergency: a situation in which blood pressure is severely elevated and there is evidence of actual or probable target organ damage
hypertensive urgency: a situation in which blood pressure is severely elevated but there is no evidence of target organ damage
isolated systolic hypertension: a condition mostly commonly seen in the elderly in which the systolic pressure is greater than 140 mm Hg and the diastolic pressure is within normal limits (less than 90 mm Hg)
monotherapy: medication therapy with a single medication
primary hypertension: also called essential hypertension; denotes high blood pressure from an unidentified cause
rebound hypertension: blood pressure that is controlled with medication and that becomes uncontrolled (abnormally high) with the abrupt discontinuation of medication
secondary hypertension: high blood pressure from an identified cause, such as renal disease
Seventh Joint National Committee on the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7): committee established to study and make recommendations about hypertension in the United States; findings and recommendations of JNC 7 are contained in an extensive report published in 2003
Created by: jhrobins99