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Health Final #yolo

yolt

QuestionAnswer
Prognosis a prediction of the chance of recovery or survival from a disease
Psychiatrist a medical doctor who has additional training in mental illnesses. Psychiatrists can prescribe medications.
Psychologist A professional who can diagnose and treat emotional and behavioral disorders, but cannot prescribe medications.
DSM-IV a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association covering all mental health disorders for both children and adults. It lists the disorder and gives typical symptoms.
DID a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association covering all mental health disorders for both children and adults. It lists the disorder and gives typical symptoms.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder repeated actions/certain obsessions or compulsions.
Schizophrenia a mental disorder characterized by auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking.
Tourettes Syndrome a disease characterized by multiple uncontrollable tics that is incurable. a disease characterized by multiple uncontrollable tics that is incurable.
Phobia unrealistic fear of something.
___ of Americans over the age of 18 suffer from a mental disorder in a year. 20%
__ of the homeless have some form of mental/emotional problem. 40%
____ females attempt suicide for each male attempt. 3
Red blood cells deliver oxygen.
White Blood Cells cell of the immune system that defends the body from infection/sickness.
Platelets small cell fragments that lead to formation of blood clots.
3 types of blood Red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
Blood the carrier of oxygen, nutrients, and waste.
Plasma a yellow liquid that is 90% water and contains salts, glucose, proteins, and other substances.
Blood Pressure the arterial pressure of the circulation system.
Systolic max blood pressure in vessels when the heart beats.
Diastolic min blood pressure in vessels between heart beats.
Cardiovascular System circulates blood throughout the body to bring oxygen and nutrients to muscles and cells.
Aorta the biggest and longest artery in the body that carries oxygen rich blood from the left ventricle to the body.
Inferior Vena Cava a large blood vein that carries de-oxygenated blood to the right atrium from the lower half of the body.
Left Atrium the left upper chamber of the heart that receives oxygen rich blood from the lungs.
Left Ventricle the left lower chamber of the heart that pumps blood into the aorta.
Mitral Valve the valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle that prevents the back flow of blood.
Pulmonary Artery the blood vessel that carries de-oxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs.
Pulmonary Valve the flaps between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.
Pulmonary Vein the blood vessel that carries oxygen rich blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.
Right Atrium the right upper chamber of the heart that receives de-oxygenated from the body through the inferior vena cava and the superior vena cava.
Right Ventricle the right lower chamber of the heart that pumps blood into the pulmonary artery.
Septum the muscular wall that separates the left and right sides of the heart.
Superior Vena Cava the vein that carries de-oxygenated blood from the upper parts of the body to the right atrium.
Tricuspid Valve the flap between the right atrium and the right ventricle that prevents the back-flow of blood.
Myocardium the middle and thickest layer of the heart wall composed of cardiac muscle
Pericardium thin sac that surrounds the heart.
Capillaries the smallest blood vessels in the body.
SA node the hearts natural pacemaker.
AV node part of the electrical control system of the heart that coordinates the top of the heart.
Alveoli capillary lined structures in the lungs that are the site of gas exchange with the blood
Larynx a muscular structure at the top of the trachea containing the vocal cords.
Diaphragm a muscular membrane under the lungs that controls the rate of inhalation of air.
Trachea the tube through which air travels from the larynx to the lungs.
Metabolism the rate at which the body uses/store food to energy.
BMR : the amount of calories our body burns at rest.
Proteins made up of amino acids. There are complete amino acids and incomplete amino acids. Complete amino acids contain all 9 essential amino acids, incompletes do not, 4 calories per gram.
Fats a type of lipid made up of a substance called fatty acid, 9 calories per gram, 25-30% of diet.
Fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, K
1 pound 3500 Kcals.
Water Soluble Vitamins C and B vits.
Fatty Acids classified as saturated or unsaturated
Fatty Acids classified as saturated or unsaturated
Saturated Fats usually solid at room temperature and come from animal sources, no more than 10% of the diet.
Unsaturated Fats usually liquid at room temperature and are classified as either poly-unsaturated or mono-unsaturated, both reduce the chance of heart disease and have been found to lower one’s LDL’s and HDL’s.
Cholesterol a fatty substance that circulates in blood that protects the walls of arteries and keeps fat levels intact. It cannot dissolve in the blood, but is transported by lipo-proteins.
Lipo-Proteins categorized into HDL’s (High Density Lipo-Protein) and LDL’s (Low Density Lipo Protein).
LDL’s are the bad guys because too much LDL cholesterol can clog arteries
HDL’s are the good guys because they take the cholesterol to the liver.
Acceptable LDL level: less than 200
Carbohydrates: made up of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen and are the body’s main sources of energy. 4 calories per gram of carbs., 55% to 65% of the diet should be made up of complex carbs.
sugars Four Kinds: Glucose, sucrose, lactose, and fructose
Simple Carbs known as sugars.
Complex Carbs: known as starches.
Glucose: stored in muscles and liver as glycogen. If the body needs more glucose, glycogen is changed back into glucose in the liver.
Fiber two types known as soluble and insoluble, recommended you get 25-30 grams of fiber per day, and cannot be digested.
Soluble Fiber binds with water and causes food to swell, which slows down the digestive system. Ex: fruits
Insoluble Fiber doesn’t bind with water, and causes food to move quickly through the Dig. System. Ex: vegetables and greens
Free Radicals toxins that occur during the metabolic process that destroy our cells and genes.
Antioxidants help get rid of free radicals in our system-strawberries, pomegranate.
Omega 3 fatty acids reduces risk of heart disease, cancer, arthritis, and inflammation around arteries.
Five Food Groups Grains, Fruits, Vegetables, Dairy, and Proteins
Average Body fat for Men and Women 14-18% for men, 23-30% for women
Body Composition the ratio of body fat to lean body tissue.
Animal Protein deck of cards
Pasta baseball
Cheese 3 dice
Bread cassette tape
Pancake: compact disc
Potato computer mouse
Bagel: tuna can
Digestive System the process through which food is changed into nutrients and the by-products are expelled from the body
Alimentary Canal a long tube made up of smooth muscle, blood vessels and other tissues.
Amylase an enzyme in the body that begins to break down carbs in food before it leaves the mouth.
Sodium Bicarbonate a salt that neutralizes stomach acid.
Lipase: breaks down fats into fatty acids and glycerol
Trypsin breaks down proteins into amino acids.
Mouth: where the digestion process begins-food is broken down into small, easy to swallow pieces.
Pharynx a passage way for food and air that is about 5 inches long.
Salivary Glands Any three pairs of glands in the mouth and digestive system that secrete saliva for digestion.
Esophagus The food tube between the mouth and the stomach.
Epiglottis a flap that closes the windpipe, separating the esophagus from the trachea.
Stomach An enlarged and muscular bag like organ that is attached to the esophagus.
Gallbladder: A sac attached to the liver that stores bile until it is needed for digestion.
Liver: Large organ that makes bile, filters toxins from the blood, and makes some blood proteins.
Bile a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder.
Small Intestine The longest part of the digestive system which is made up of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum where the nutrients are absorbed into the body’s bloodstream.
Villi: small, microscopic projections that absorb water and nutrients in the small intestine so that they can travel to the bloodstream.
Large Intestine where the food goes after the small intestine made up of the cecum, colon, and rectum.
Parts of the colon ascending, transverse, and descending
Rectum the end of the digestive system where feces are stored before they are excreted from the body.
Anus the opening at the end of the digestive system from which feces exits the body.
Peristalsis waves of contraction that force food down the esophagus
Sphincter Valve allows food to enter the stomach and then squeezes shut to keep food or water from flowing back up.
Chyme a thick liquid of partly digested food expelled by the stomach into the small intestine.
Pylorus a short muscular channel at the bottom of the stomach.
Vas Deferens tube that transports mature sperm
Ovaries house ova and produce female sex hormone
Fallopian Tubes tube that transports ovum to the Uterus
Uterus Houses embryo
Scrotum protects sperm
Cervix narrow end of the Uterus
Testes glands that produce sperm
Seminal Vesicles produces sugar-rich fluid
Epididymis brings sperm to maturity
Cowper’s gland neutralizes any acid that may be in the urethra
Vagina connects cervix to the outside of the body.
Afterbirth the placenta that is delivered after the baby
HCG the hormone produced when a woman is pregnant
Postpartum Period the period after a pregnancy when the hormones are out of whack.
Signs of pregnancy missed menstrual period, nausea, vomiting, tiredness, change in appetite.
Stages of Childbirth lightening and mild contractions, dilation, expulsion stage, afterbirth stage
Three Types of Birth Control Hormones, Barrier, and Chemical.
Hormones the pill, implant, contraceptive patch,
Barrier Condom, Cervical cap, Diaphragm, Spermicide
Chemical Sterilization, IUD
Most Common STD’s HPV, Chlamydia, and Herpes Simplex 2
Three Types of STD’s Bacterial, Viral, and Parasitic
Addiction: a physiological or psychological dependence that changes the Brain’s chemistry.
BAC the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream.
Cirrhosis a deadly disease that replaces healthy live tissue with scar tissue.
Depressant a drug that slows the central nervous system.
Endorphins Chemicals in the brain that produce feelings of pleasure in response to various activities.
Flashback: When a hallucinogen’s effects happen again long after the drug was originally taken.
Gateway Drugs Alcohol, Tobacco, and Marijuana are thought to be drugs that lead to later abuse of other drugs.
Hangover: Uncomfortable physical effects caused by alcohol, including headache, dizziness, nausea and vomiting.
Stimulant Any drug that increases the central nervous system.
THC the active chemical in marijuana.
Withdrawal: occurs when a person stops using a drug/alcohol on which he/she has chemical dependence.
Alcoholism a disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on alcohol
Stages of Alcoholism Abuse, Dependence, and Addiction
Three sacred rules in an Alcoholic family Don’t talk, don’t trust, and don’t feel
Roles of a COA Hero, Scapegoat, Lost child, and Mascot
Hero the overachiever in the family, brings glory to the family
Scapegoat: takes the blame for the family drinking problem, tends to fail school and use drugs and alcohol.
Lost child middle child, doesn’t draw attention, stays out of trouble, trouble speaking up/voicing opinions.
Mascot diverts attention for alcoholic-entertainer and crowd pleaser/class clown.
Drug Groups Narcotic, Hallucinogen, stimulant, depressant, and cannabis
Narcotics morphine, heroin, and oxycotin
Hallucinogens : LSD, PCP, ecstasy, ketamine, mushrooms
Stimulant Cocaine, Crack, Methamphetamines, nicotine
Depressant alcohol, GHB, rohypnol
Cannabis Marijuana, Hash
Date Rape Drugs Rohypnol, GHB, and ketamine
Beer alcohol % 4-6%
Liquor Alc. % 40-50
Intoxication body ispoisoned by alcohol or other substance and person's phys/ mental control is reduced.
Child of Alcoholic's chances of being alcoholic is __ times more likely 4
Alcohol is the ___ drug choice of teens 1
Binge drinking is drinking __ or more drinks 5
Withdrawal symotoms Nausea, sweating, irritability, shakiness.
Help for Alcohol Abuse NACA, AA, counselor
pancreas produces enzymes to digest
hemoglobin oxygen carrying protein in blood
Created by: BboyTrue