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Intro to Health Prof

Intro to Health Professions Test #1, Chapters 1-5

What medical practices did the Ancient Egyptians perform? Bloodletting and Leaches
What was the average life of an Egyptian? 20-30 years
Who is known as the father of modern medicine? Hypocrites
What are the four humors that Greeks thought made up the body? Blood, Phlegm, Black Bile, and Yellow Bile
What was the average life for a Greek? 25-35 years
What were the Ancient Chinese's view on medicine? Treat the spirit and nourish the body
What were chinese medications based on? Herbs
What civilization had the first organized medical care? Romans through Sanitation Systems
What were prevalent diseases between AD 800 and AD 1400? Smallpox, Diptheria, Tuberclurosis, Typhoid, and Malaria.
Who first started dissecting cadavers? Andreas Vesalius
What innovations were there in the 16th and 17th centuries? Improvement of microscope, use of ligatures to stop bleeding by Ambroise Pare
What innovations were in the 18th century? Two year medical programs, First Thermometer, first surgical procedures and tube feeding.
What was the average life expectancy in 18th century? 40 to 50 years
Who created the first vaccine? Edward Genner, Smallpox
What were the innovations in the 19th century? Advancements in response to Microorganisms, X-Rays, Culture Plates, Surgical Antisecptic, Carbonic Acid on Wounds
Who discovered Penicillin in the 19th century? Alexander Fleming
What innovations were there in the 20th century? DNA Structure, Organ test tubes, urbanziation, New machines
What act dictated 4.5 beds for every 1000 people in the population? Hill-Burton Act of 1945
What specialization occurred during the formation of the first hospitals? Aids, Administration, and EMT's
What are 21st century innovations? Use of (MRI, CAT, PET, and EKG) scans, Human genome project, and stem cells
What's the average life expectancy in the 21st century? 75+ years
What kind of problem does current health care face? Chronic (long term) care
What factors have caused in an increase in health care? Increase in aged population, Chronic & fragmented health, Increase in technology, payment not related to outcome
What types of insurance systems are there? Government Subbed and Private Insurance
What are government subsidized insurance programs? Medicare, Medicade, Veteran Affairs, Workers comp, and School Health
When was Medicare established? In 1965 Social Security Act by Federal Government
Who is Medicare for? 65+ (Retired) and Disabilities
Who runs Medicaid? Federal and State Cooperation plan
Who is able to receive Medicaid? For citizens at/below poverty level
Where was the first case of Private Insurance in the U.S. Baylor Hospital in 1929
What were aspects of the first insurance plan? Fixed payments for hospitalization
What was the name of the first insurance plan? Blue Cross
Where was the concept "Fee for Service" first established? Blue Shield, 1939 in California. Also known as Capitation Pay.
What type of health care started in the 1980's? Managed Care
What are characteristics of Managed Care? Companies send insured to most cost effective health care centers, categorized disease sets
What are the two types of managed care? Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) & Preferred Provider Organization
Characteristics of HMO? Price is agreed and set upon service, Capped costs, and must use designated facilities.
Characteristics of PPO? Mostly private insurance sector, Physicians give a set discount, and there is a choice in provider and hospital
What are the two extremes of Health Care Reform? Socialism and Capitalism (Centralized Government)
Who are the main players in Health Care Reform? Government, Private Insurance, and Primary Health
Characteristic of the Affordable Care Act? Everybody has to get insurance in companies greater than 200
What do businesses of less than 100 do for insurance? Use Small Business Health Opt Program
What effects has HCR had as of 2010? No deductible for preventative care, Expansion for pre existing conditions, Government made to cover some of high risk pools such as Cancer, diabetes, and Heart Disease
What are the four types of health care systems in the world today? Entreprenurial, Bismark, Beveridge, and State
Characteristics of Extreprenurial System? Wealth made from exchange, Rationing through ability willing to pay, Strong private market
Characteristics of Bismarck system? "State" model with relationship between private and public sectors, Major constituents decide where economy goes, 50/50 premium
Characteristics of Beverage model? Financed by general tax and there is universal health care with no cost except for time
State Control model? Former soviet Union, very unsuccesful
What countries practice the Bismarck System? France, Japan, Australia, and Germany
What countries practice the Beverage system? UK, Canada, Sweden, Spain, and Norway
What are the two evil twins of health care? Moral Hazard and Selection Bias
What is moral hazard? Changes your behavior from a phenemenon and leads to overconsumption
What is selection bias? Insurance companies do not want you to use their service so they cherry pick their clients based on a risk scale
What does allied health consist of? Assistants (Physician, Medical, social, Theraputic) and aides.
Examples of short term care Specialization of treatment, Hospitalization, and Surgery
Long term care? Prevention, Chronic Care, and Acute Care
What's the poverty income level for a single? $10,890
What are the four levels of Medicare? A (Hospital Insurance), B (Supplemental), D (Prescription Drug Coverage), and C (Supplemental Private)
What are the three types of care within a nursing home? Skilled (Hospital), Intermediate (Assisted Living), and Continuing Care
What is PACE? Capitated payment for services for 55+
What countries use the Entreprenurial Health Care System? U.S. and Thailand
Why are there so many without health insurance? Moral hazards disuade insurance providers, lack of scale coverage, crowding out of private plans
What does the three legged stool stand for? Can insurance companies deny you insurance if you become ill or if you have a pre existing condition.
Options to cover uninsured? Expand public health program and mandating personal coverage
Who is affected by HCR? Low income, uninsured, Adults under 26, Insured through work, senior citizens, and small business owners
Created by: lspencer1