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Nutrition Test Q's

Questions from Nutrition Tests

QuestionAnswer
Fettuccini Alfredo food label states that for a 2500 kcal diet the maximum total fat intake is 80 grams. The lasagna package says it contains 3 servings, you ate half the box and there is 14 grams of fat per serving. What is the %DV for fat that you just 26%
Foods containing carbohydrate have the highest satiety value. False
Which of the following nutrients contains the most energy? A) carbohydrates B)Vitamins C)Minerals D)Water A) Carbohydrates
Which of the following is NOT a primary function of dietary protein? A) serving as a primary source of energy for the body B) building new cells and tissues C) repairing damaged structures D) regulating metabolism and fluid balance A) Serving as a primary source of energy for the body.
The standard used to estimate the daily nutrient needs of 97% of all healthy individuals is: The RDA
The dietary standard that has been established for nutrients for which more research is needed to determine human requirements is the: AI
Over the past thirty years, obesity rates in the United States have changed significantly. True
The four characteristics of a healthful diet are variety, balance, moderation, and _________ Adequacy
The Nutrition Facts Panel on a box of cookies indicates that one serving provides 90 calories, with 6 grams of fat. Calculate the percentage of calories from fat in this product? 60%
The Scientific Method requires that a hypothesis is derived prior to an observation, followed by experimentation. False
Which of the following is required on all food labels? A) ingredient list B) name and address of the vendor C) net contents of the package D) all of the above All of the above.
The fruits section of MyPyramid emphasizes "focus on fruits" and encourages the consumption of all of the following EXCEPT: A) fruit juice. B) canned fruit. C ) frozen fruit. D) dried fruit. A) Fruit Juices
Which food is most nutrient dense? A) apple juice B) broccoli C) coffee D) donut B) broccoli
The ________ is most responsible organ for prompting individuals to seek food. Brain
Hunger is best described as: A physiological desire to find food and eat.
The presence of any bacteria in the large intestine indicates a potentially serious systemic allergic reaction that can be fatal if left untreated. False
Which of the following is NOT a regulator of satiety in the body? A)kidney B) hypothalamus C) GI tract D) hormones A)A kidney
Which of the following snacks will have the highest satiety value, assuming the calories and relative size are similar? A) piece of apple B) slice of bread C) piece of cheese D) glass of skim milk C) A piece of cheese
Which of the following is a micronutrient? A) fiber B) calcium C) alcohol D) fat B) Calcium
The "powerhouse" of the cell that produces most of the ATP is the: Mitochondria
Which best explains why carbohydrate digestion ceases when food reaches the stomach Salivary enzymes cannot function in the acid environment of the stomach.
What is chyme? A mixture of partially digested food, water, and gastric juices.
A primary function of the mucus in the stomach is to: Protect stomach cells from autodigestion
The majority of nutrient absorption takes place in the stomach. False
Proteins that catalyze chemical changes, such as hydrolysis, and speed up body processes are called: Enzymes
_______ is the primary energy source for the brain. Carbohydrate
What is the name of the sphincter that separates the stomach from the small intestine? Pyloric
Responding to the presence of fat in our meal, the gallbladder releases a substance called: Bile
Which of the following organs is responsible for the manufacturing and secretion of insulin and glucagon, as well as many digestive enzymes? A) small intestine B) liver C) stomach D) pancreas D) Pancreas
Immediately after absorption, what circulatory system carries most of the fat-soluble nutrients? Lymphatic
Which large vessel transports absorbed nutrients to the liver? Portal Vein
If a person has GERD, the ________ is malfunctioning. Esophageal Sphincter
What is the primary cause of peptic ulcers? H Pylori bacteria
What are probiotics? Live microorganisms naturally found in or supplemented to food products
An epidemiological study can determine ‘cause and effect’ if it is designed properly False
A 360 calorie slice of pizza has 45% calories coming from carbohydrate and 15% calories coming from protein. How many grams of fat are in this slice of pizza? 16
The term ‘simple carbohydrates’ refers to everything EXCEPT: Glycogen
What is the primary form of fat in the diet Triglycerides
Muscle glycogen will release glucose into the bloodstream when blood glucose levels get low. False
When insufficient carbohydrate is eaten, fat is broken down into____for an energy source: Ketones
Which of the following do not supply calories to the body? Dietary fiber
_______ are biologically active compounds made by essential nutrients and are necessary for vasoconstriction, vasodialation, blood clotting, and inflammation. Eicosanoids
Which of the following is a characteristic of type 2 diabetes? A. arises most commonly during early childhood B. develops during pregnancy C. often associated with being underweight D. insulin resistance or insensitivity D)insulin resistance or insensitivity
Olive oil is a lower calorie alternative to butter and margarine. False
Lactose intolerance is due to a: A. deficiency of lactase
Most of the cholesterol found in the body is made in the liver. True
Where does the majority of absorbed dietary fat go once it leaves the small intestine cells? Lymps vessels
Dietary sources of galactose include: Milk and cheese
Susie consumed 1840 kcals on Saturday and a total of 17 grams of fiber. Her fiber intake per 1000 kcal consumed was: 9 grams
To reduce our risk for developing heart disease, we need to consume less fiber. False
Which hormone is released because blood glucose levels are low and the liver needs to release stored carbohydrate? Glucagon
Trans-fatty acids and saturated fatty acids have similar effect on blood cholesterol levels. True
Fruits differ from concentrated sweets because: A. they are less nutrient dense B. they are packaged with fiber C. their sugars are diluted in large volumes of water D. a and b E. b and c E) b and c
Which of the following is not one of the complex carbohydrates? A. fiber B. glycogen C. lactose D. starch Lactose
Gluconeogenesis refers to: Making glucose from proteins
The pancreas makes bile. False
Soluble fiber has the greatest blood cholesterol lowering effect compared to insoluble fiber. True
Found in muscle and liver, ________ is the storage form of glucose in animals. Glycogen
Digestion of most starch begins in the: Mouth
Which of the following helps prevent type 1 diabetes? A. weight control and exercise B. taking oral hypoglycemic agents C. restricting protein intake D. nothing has been found to prevent type I diabetes D) Nothing has been found to prevent type 1 diabetes
If high fructose corn syrup is the second ingredient on a long list of ingredients, it means that the food product has very little added sugar. False
Diabetes is a condition in which the body doesn’t process ________ properly. Glucose
Which of the following foods are high in omega 3 fatty acids fatty acids? A. corn and soybean oils B. butter and coconut oil C. salmon and sardines D. all of the above C) salmon and sardines
Which of the following foods are rich sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids? A. olive and canola oils B. palm and coconut oils C. butter and lard D. soy and corn oils D) soy and corn oils
Xenical works by inhibiting pancreatic lipase: True
Which of the following ingredients would alert you to the presence of trans fatty acids in a product? A. vitamin E B. high fructose corn syrup C. hydrogenated vegetable oil D. liquid corn oil C) hydrogenated vegetable oil
Transport vehicles for most lipids are called: Lipoproteins
________ is (are) the key structural component of a cell's membrane Phospholipids
All of the following organs assist in the digestion of lipids EXCEPT: A. the liver. B. the kidneys C. the pancreas. D. the gallbladder. B) the kidneys
The liver synthesizes ______ to deliver triglyceride to cells and as this lipoprotein loses triglycerides it becomes ______ in circulation: VLDL, LDL
Yesterday Molly consumed 1,780 kcal. Her meals included a total of 69 grams of fat. What percentage of calories of her day's intake came from fat? 35%
How many calories are potentially provided by 27 grams of carbohydrate 108 kcals
Immediately following a high-fat meal, specialized lipoproteins called ________ are created in the small intestine cells to transport dietary fat through the body. Chylomicrons
The two essential fatty acids are: Linoleic and linoleic acid
One of the safer fish choices is shark because it is low in mercury. False
Insufficient vitamin D during adulthood is associated with: Osteomalacia
Which of the following is the only complete vegetable protein? A. barley B. corn C. peanuts D. soy D) Soy
A complete protein: contains adequate amounts of the essential amino acids
Which part of an individual amino acid distinguishes it from other amino acids? Side chain
Which of the following foods is a source of complete protein? A. apple B. broccoli C. whole-grain bread D. milk D) Milk
Steve ate a beef wrap from the deli that contained 450 kcals total, 29% of kcals from carbohydrate, 30% kcals from fat. How many grams of protein were in that sandwich? 46 grams
The chemical digestion of proteins begins in the: Stomach
Which of the following health problems has been associated with adequate calories but low protein intakes? A. kwashiorkor B. elevated blood cholesterol C. sickle cell anemia D. marasmus A) kwashiorkor
What is edima? A fluid imbalance that results in swelling of tissue.
Which of the following is NOT a nutrient of concern for vegans? A. vitamin B12 B. Zinc C. vitamin C D. Calcium C) vitamin c
Diseases that cause the malabsorption of fat can result in a deficiency of: Linoleic acid
Where do humans obtain vitamin K? Diet and intestinal bacteria
Vitamin D toxicity is associated with: Supplements
The effects of vitamin B deficiencies include: Dermititis and mental confusion
Which of the following proteins are fundamental to catalyzing reactions? A. antibodies B. transport proteins C. enzymes D. buffers Enzymes
Of the twenty amino acids relevant to the human body, how many are considered nonessential? Eleven
In addition to dietary sources, vitamin D is produced in the: Skin
The quaternary structure of a protein involves: interaction between different polypeptides to form a protein
Which water-soluble vitamin can regenerate vitamin E after it has been oxidized? Vitamin C
Which of the following is NOT a function of vitamin E? A. protecting LDLs (low-density lipoproteins from oxidation) B. enhancing the immune system and protecting white blood cells C. improving the absorption of vitamin C if dietary intake is low C) improving the absorption of vitamin C if dietary intake is low
Which of the following nutrients requires the most frequent consumption to prevent deficiency symptoms? A. vitamin B12 B. beta-carotene C. folate D. vitamin E C) folate
The doctor has recently told Julie that her iron stores are low. Julie should consume ________ with her iron supplement to increase its absorption. A glass of orange juice
Vitamin K's primary role in the body is: blood clotting
Which of the following is the BEST source of vitamin K? A. green leafy vegetables B. milk C. citrus fruits D. whole grains A) green leafy vegetables
Pellagra is the deficiency disease associated with: Niacin
Which of the following conditions have vitamin B6 supplements been used to treat? A. high cholesterol B. carpal tunnel syndrome C. baldness D. hypertension B) carpal tunnel syndrome
Which of the following explains why folate is critical to the health of a newly conceived embryo? A.Folate is essential for maintaining proper fluid balance. B. Folate is essential for heart function. C. Folate is needed for proper cell division. C) Folate is needed for proper cell division
Vitamin B12 is essential for the proper functioning of: Nerve cells
Research studies have consistently demonstrated an association between a reduced risk of cancer and: Increased consumption of fruits and vegetables
Using a sunscreen with an SPF of 8 or greater can inhibit the synthesis of vitamin D. True
The B-complex vitamins are good energy sources for the body. False
What element makes protein different from carbohydrate and fat? Nitrogen
All of the following are parts of an amino acid molecule EXCEPT: A. an acid group. B. a fatty acid group. C.an amine group. D. a central carbon. B) a fatty acid group
Milk curdles when lemon juice is added to it. The change that occurs in the protein is called: Denaturation
In the human body, proteins are found: A. in the blood. B. in bone tissue. C. in muscle tissue. D. all of the above D) all of the above
Which of the following is NOT a major function of protein in the human body? A. growth and maintenance of new tissue B. providing energy to the body C. synthesis of hormones D. maintaining fluid balance B) providing energy to the body
All of the following are examples of protein hormones EXCEPT: A. insulin. B. thyroid. C. estrogen D. glucagon. C) estrogen
The process of combining two incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called: Mutual supplementation
Brenda is a reasonably healthy 21-year-old college student who is sedentary. She is 5' 6" tall and weighs 135 pounds. How many grams of protein would you recommend she consume each day? 49 grams
In order to increase muscle mass a person must: A. consume adequate protein B. consume adequate protein and carbohydrate C. challenging muscle groups with exercise D. A and C E. B and C E) b and c
Eighty (80) proof liquor contains ________% alcohol 40
Sodium is associated with chronic disease and therefore is not an essential nutrient necessary for human health. False
Which of the following terms is synonymous with the word malignant? A. cancer B. tumor C. undifferentiated D. benign A) cancer
Steve drinks three beers. Each contains 12 grams of alcohol. How many kilocalories from alcohol does Bob consume? 252 kcals
Which of the following is the most abundant mineral in our body? A. iron B. phosphorus C. calcium D. C) calcium
Chromium assists in ________ uptake. glucose
Research has shown a consistent and strong link between taking antioxidant supplements and a reduced risk of developing cancer. False
The body produces water as a metabolic byproduct which contributes to the “water-in” vs the “water-out” in the water balance equation. True
Which of the following is a diuretic? A. milk B. water C. alcohol D. orange C) alcohol
____is a potentially fatal condition characterized by the failure of the body's heat-regulating mechanisms. Heatstroke
Both excessive and insufficient intakes of zinc can impair immune function. True
Which of the following is TRUE? A. Water freely moves across cell membranes. B. Electrolytes freely move across cell membranes. C. Water and electrolytes move across the cell membranes only through protein channels. A) Water freely moves across cell membranes
A diet rich in potassium has been shown to help maintain a healthy blood pressure. True
Moderate alcohol consumption has been linked with a reduced risk of: Cardiovascular disease
The MPF factor is: a special factor found in meat, fish, and poultry that enhances iron absorption.
Which organ(s) is (are) primarily responsible for maintaining fluid balance? Kidneys
The ability of a muscle to contract and relax is dependent on the flow of ________ in and out of the muscle cell. Calcium
What is the primary reason we sweat? To regulate body temperature
Phytochemicals have shown to have all these beneficial effects EXCEPT: A. Slow the aging process B. Decrease blood clotting C. Interfere with bacteria clinging to tissue D. Increasing inflammation D) increasing inflammation
Which of the following is NOT a consequence of fetal alcohol syndrome? A. cognitive impairment B. impaired growth C. iron-deficiency anemia D. facial deformities C) iron deficiency anemia
Iodine is essential for the synthesis of ________ hormones. thyroid
Hyponatremia is associated with: Overhydration
Alcohol provides ________ kcal/gram. 7
Which of the following nutrients increases the absorption rate of calcium? A. zinc B. iron C. phosphorus D. vitamin D D) vitamin D
The oxygen-carrying protein found in our red blood cells is called: Hemoglobin
Which of the following will likely result if the concentration of electrolytes outside a cell is higher than that of the intracellular environment? A. The cell will become dehydrated. B. The cell will be unaffected. C. The cell will undergo mitosis and A) The cell will become dehydrated
Non-heme iron is in both plant-based and animal-based foods. True
Lean individuals have a higher percentage of body water than fat individuals. True
Which of the following groups are the MOST vulnerable to dehydration? A. pregnant women and the elderly B. infants and the elderly C. infants and pregnant women D. adolescents and children B) infants and elderly
When blood volume decreases, blood pressure increases. False
At what age does bone resorption generally begin to occur more rapidly than bone formation? 40
________ of an adult's healthy body weight is fluid. 50-70%
Bottled water is always safer to drink than tap water False
The majority of dietary chloride is consumed from: Table salt
The majority of the body's fluid is found: within the cells
Alcohol is absorbed in the: stomach and small intestine
Less than fifty percent of Americans with osteoporosis are women. False
At what stage in the development of cancer is the DNA mutated? Initiation
Trabecular bone typically suffers more calcium loss during inadequate dietary calcium consumption compared to cortical bone. True
Hard water is considered hypertensive because it contains a lot of sodium and very little calcium. False
More than 60% of our nation’s adult population is overweight or obese. True
_______ is a protein hormone produced by the fat cells that signal satiety to reduce food intake. Leptin
The thermic effect of food is higher in fat than that of carbohydrate or protein. false
Which of the following assessment techniques can be used to evaluate an individual's fat distribution pattern? A. BMI B. waist circumference C. underwater weighing D. BIA B) weight circumference
Which of the following is NOT one of the physiological effects of regular physical activity? A. maintains and/or increases lean body mass B. decreases the action of insulin C. enhances gastric motility B) decreases the action of insulin
Body Mass Index correlates with body fatness with all people False
Joan wants to improve her muscular strength. Which type of activity would be the MOST effective to achieve this goal? weight lifting
Amino acids are the primary fuel source utilized in both anaerobic and aerobic exercise false
What is meant by the overload principle? improving fitness by placing extra physical demand on the body
Very low calorie diets are the most successful diet for weight loss with people looking to lose 10 lbs of fat. False
The acronym FIT stands for: frequency, intensity and time
For an exercise program to be beneficial you should feel some pain false
In which of the following types of exercise would CP (creatine phosphate) be an important source of energy? Sprinting in a 100 meter race
The energy expended due to physical activity accounts for the majority of our total energy output each day. False
The amount of ATP stored in a muscle cell will fuel the muscle's activity for: 1 to 3 seconds
Phosphocreatine (also called Creatine Phosphate) is a high-energy compound that can be broken down to regenerate ATP. True
When oxygen is available and the cell needs energy, glucose will: Enter the mitochondria and make a total of 38 ATP
Where in the body do we find the greatest storage of potential energy? Body fat
At rest (low intensity activity), the body's major fuel source is ______. Fat
The fastest way to replenish glycogen stores is to eat carbohydrate: within 15 minutes after exercising
In which of the following events would carbohydrate loading be the most beneficial? A. baseball game B. cross-country skiing C. 100-yard dash D. weight lifting B) cross country skiing
The human body can store an unlimited amount of glycogen False
The leaness measure that relies on electrical conductivity is: the BIA
Which of the following would be the best fluid replacement for events lasting longer than one hour? A. cool water B. ginger ale C. orange juice D. sports drink D) sports drink
Lactic acid is a by-product of high-intensity exercise True
26. Which of the following best explains the cause of sports anemia? A. loss of iron stores due to excessive activity B. increased blood volume C. insufficient intake of dietary iron D. cessation of a normal menstrual cycle B) increased blood volume
Regular physical activity can indirectly increase basal metabolic rates. True
The general term for substances used to improve and enhance athletic performance is called: Ergogenic acids
What is the primary mechanism by which the human body dissipates heat? Evaporative cooling
The best way to stimulate growth of skeletal muscle is to eat a high-protein diet. False
The three components of total energy expenditure are: basal metabolic rate, physical activity, and the thermic effect of food.
In order to completely burn fat as fuel, you must have some glucose available True
An apple-shaped fat pattern increases a person's risk for: Diabetes and heart disease
About ________% of our total energy output is attributable to basal metabolism. 55-70%
The amount of energy expended by the body in digesting, absorbing, transporting, metabolizing, and storing nutrients is called: The thermic affect of food
The Cori Cycle involves the metabolism of which macronutrient: Glucose
By detecting and responding to the body's physiological signals, the ________ is the part of the body in control of hunger regulation. Hypothalamus
Body mass index is determined from: The ratio of an individuals body weight to their height
Bob would like to lose 1.5 pounds a week. If his present energy intake is 3,400 kcals/day and his energy expenditure does not change, how many kilocalories should he consume each day to achieve his goal? 2650 kcals
Why is rBGH given to many U.S. dairy cows? To increase milk production without increasing feed
Which of the following is associated with marasmus? A ) distended abdomen B ) enlarged, fatty liver C ) "skin and bones" appearance D ) all of the above C) skin and bones appearance
All of the following are physiological changes that typically occur with aging EXCEPT: A ) decreased bone density. B ) decreased taste acuity. C ) decreased lean body mass. D ) decreased fat mass. D) decreased fat mass
Food manufacturers voluntarily have batch numbers on their food products so that they can keep track of inventory and sales. False
It is best if the first solid food introduced to infants is: Iron fortified rice cereal
Irradiation is a permitted preservation technique used by organic farmers. False
Which of the following fatty acids is critical to fetal brain and eye development? A ) oleic acid B ) palmitic acid C ) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA ) D ) stearic acid C) DHA
Lead poisoning is less severe if children have adequate ________ in their diet. calcium and iron
Parents and guardians can lower the risk of many childhood problems EXCEPT. ADHD
Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy can cause birth defects true
At birth Baby Molly weighs 7 pounds. If her growth and development are normal, what would you expect Molly to weigh at her first birthday? 21 pounds
In older adults, which of the following is a mineral important to a healthy immune system and wound healing? Zinc
Which nutrient is generally NOT a concern for vegan children? Vitamin C
The green color visible on some stored potatoes is called solanine. This is natural and not harmful at all. False
If a pregnant woman is overweight, she should restrict her caloric intake and attempt to lose some weight before delivery. False
It is thought that only 50% of food-born illnesses are reported False
The safety of raw seafood cannot be guaranteed; it must be cooked True
In the United States iodine is added to ________ in order to reduce the risk of developing deficiency symptoms. Table salt
HACCP is the acronym used for the law allowing food additives to continue to be used and thought safe because of the years in use without adverse health effects False
Which of the following bacteria causes food-borne illness by releasing a toxin? A ) hepatitis A B ) Clostridium botulinum C ) Salmonella D ) Norwalk virus B) clostridium botulinum
Food infections result from consuming foods in which microbes have secreted poisonous toxins. False
Clostridium botulinum toxins are used by humans for different conditions true
Recommended weight gain during pregnancy is based on the: mothers pre pregnancy body mass index
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy is a food-borne illness also known as: Mad cow disease
The primary symptom of Giardia infection is Diarrhea
________ is the most common bacterial food infection identified in humans Campylobactor
In the United States, there are no labeling requirements for products containing recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH ) True
All additives are synthetic. False
Created by: nguillermo