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Infection CNTRL

Infection Control Vocab

Microorganism microbe
Nonpathogens organisms that don't cause infection and diseases
Pathogens germs
Bacteria simple, one celled organisms that multiple rapidly
Protozoa one celled animal like organisms often found in decayed materials and contaminated water
Fungi these are simple, plant like organism that live on dead organic matter
Rickettsiae parasitic microorganisms, they cannot live outside the cells of another living organism
Viruses the smaller microorganisms, visible only using an electron microscope
Hepatitis B serum hepatitis, is caused by the HBV virus and is transmitted by blood, serum and body secretions
Hepatitis C caused by the hepatitis C virus, HCV, and is transmitted by blood and blood containing body fluids
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome caused by HIV and suppress the immune system; AIDS
Aerobic requiring air to live
Anaerobic no need for oxygen to survive
Endogenous the infection or disease originates within the body
Exogenous means the infection originated from outside the body
Nosocomial infection acquired by an individual in a health care facility
Opportunistic infections that occur when the body's defenses are weak
Causative Agent pathogen such as bacterium or viruses
Reservoir place where causative agent can live
Fomites objects contaminated with infectious material that contains the pathogens
Portal of Entry way to escape from reservoir
Mode of Transmission way in which infection can be transmitted to another reservoir or host
Portal of Entry way to enter a new reservoir or host
Susceptible Host person likely to get an infection or disease
Chain of Infection factors that lead to the transmission of diseases
Asepsis the absence of disease-producing microorganisms or pathogens
Antisepsis antiseptics prevent or inhibit growth of pathogenic organisms but aren't effective against spores and viruses
Disinfection a process that destroys pathogenic organisms. Not always effective against spores and viruses
Sterilisation process that destroys all microorganisms, both pathogenic and nonpathogenic, including spores and viruses
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) gloves, gowns, lab coats, masks and face shields
Standard Precautions rules developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Autoclave equipment that uses steam under pressure or gas to steralise equipment and supplies
Chemical Disinfections disinfection process with chemicals
Ultrasonic cleaning with sound waves
Cavitation Bubbles explode to drive cleaning solution onto article being cleaned
Sterile free from all organisms
Communicable Disease caused by a pathogenic organism that can be easily transmitted to others; requires isolation
Contaminated organisms and pathogens are present
Transmission-based Isolation Precautions method of caring for patients who have communicable diseases
Clean not containing disease-producing organisms
Airborne Precautions used for patients known or suspected to be infected with pathogens transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei
Droplet Precautions patients to be infected with pathogens transmitted by large particle droplets
Created by: ChrisM97