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Patient Education

Pat Ed YBI Final

QuestionAnswer
What is inflammation of the joints caused by the excessive uric acid levels in the blood and joints? Gout
What is a lateral curve of the spine? Scoliosis
What is the most serious type of skin cancer? Malignant melanoma
What is an eruption of extremely painful vesicles that occur in a bandlike unilateral pattern along the course of a peripheral nerve? Herpes zoster
What is a weakness that develops in the diaphram? Hiatal hernia
Wha is a strong, tough strand or cord of dense connective tissue that serves as attachment for muscle to bone? Tendon
What is the name of the injury involving the semilunar cartilages in the knee? Torn meniscus
What is the disorder when a bone that is normally in contact with a joint but becomes separated from that joint causing loss of joint function? Dislocation
What is a chronic, progressive, inflammatory disease of bones and joints caused by degenerative changes in the cartilage called? Osetoarthritis
What is an abscess that involves the entire hair follicle and adjacent subcutaneous tissue? Furuncle
What is a chronic skin condition marked by thick, flaky, red patches of various sizes, covered with characteristic white, silvery scales? Psoriasis
What usually causes "traveler's diarrhea"? Ingestion of food or water contaminated with bacteria
What may result with prolonged antibiotic therapy? Oral thrush
What is a surgical procedure necessary because of peripheral vascular disease and consequent gangrene? Amputation
What is the onset of a stiff and painful shoulder after injury or a period of disuse? Frozen shoulder
Vitiamin D deficiency may cause what abnormal metabolic bone disease? Osteomalacia
A patient with this disease may experience biliary colic, radiating pain, and jaundice. Cholelithiasis
What disease is linked to a psychological disturbance in which hunger is denied by self-imposed starvation? Anorexia nervosa
What are the causal factors of peptic ulcers? H. pylori infection, NSAIDs, and stress
What group of minor illnesses cause the common cold? Almost 200 viruses or mycoplasma
What is a condition in which out-pouches of the mucosa penetrate weak points in the muscular layer of the large intestine? Diverticulosis
What is inflammation of the gallbladder commonly associated with gallstones called? Cholecystitis
What refers to obstructive diseases of the lungs, including chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, asthma, emphysema, and pneumoconiosis? COPD
What is a destructive disease of the alveoli and the adjacent capillary walls resulting in chronic dyspnea, cough, and the characteristic barrel chest? Emphysema
What is an area of contained infectious material in the lung? Pulmonary abscess
What is a common symptom of a tumor of the larynx? Dysphonia
What are growths that form from distended mucous membranes protruding into the nasal cavity? Nasal polyps
What is a fungal disease originating in the lungs, with the greatest occurrence in the Midwestern U.S.? Histoplasmosis
What is a collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity, resulting in a collapsed lung? Pneumothorax
The Epstein-Barr virus is the cause of what? Infectious monocleosis
Reed-Sternberg cells in lymphatic tissue is diagnostic of what disease? Hodgkin disease
What is the condition where fat-containing substances are deposited on the coronary artery lumens causing a narrowing? CAD-coronary artery disease
What is the chronic hereditary form of anemia found predominately in the black race? Sickle cell anemia
What is the condition in which the patient experiences chest pain with exertion? Angina pectoris
What is a hereditary bleeding disease resulting from a deficiency of clotting factors? Hemophilia
What is fluid shift into the extravascular spaces of the lungs with accompanying dyspnea, coughing, and bloody, frothy sputum? Pulmonary edema
What is the condition that results in painless gross swelling of an extremity? Lymphedema
What is an acute or chronic inflammation of the sac enclosing the heart called? Pericarditis
What is the condition in which a reduction in the quantity of either red blood cells or hemoglobin exists? Anemia
What organ produces insulin and glucagon? Pancreas
What is the master gland of the endocrine system? Pituitary gland
Damage to the pituitary gland may result from what? Radiation, surgical removal, and ischemia
What is a congenital hypothyroid condition that causes mental and growth retardation in the infant or young child? Cretinism
What is a deficiency in the release of vasopressin by the posterior pituitary gland? Diabetes insipidus
What is insufficient secretion of PTH by the parathyroid gland called? Hypoparathyroidism
What is interference with the conduction system of the heart called? Cardiac arrhythmias
What is an adrenal insufficiency with progressive destruction of the adrenal gland? Addison disease
What are nerves that transmit impulses toward the brain and spinal cord? Afferent
A slight paralysis in either half of the body is known as what? Hemiparesis
The presence of a painless lump or nodule on the thyroid gland may suggest what? Cancer of the thyroid gland
What is unilateral facial paralysis called? Bell's palsy
What is a collection or mass of blood that forms between the skull and the dura mater? Epidural hematoma
Wkhat is a chronic brain disorder characterized by sudden episodes of abnormally intense electrical activity in the brain? Epilepsy
What is paralysis of all four extremities? Quadriplegia
What are periodic severe headaches that may be completely incapacitating? Migraines
What is a highly contagious viral disease that affects the anterior horn cells of the gray matter in the spinal cord? Poliomyelitis
Wkhat is inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord? Meningitis
Created by: dsljulian