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Unit 10 Nutrition

QuestionAnswer
Nutrition a body process relating to food.
Nutritional Status state or condition of one's nutrition
Wellness state of good health with optimal body function
Hypertension High blood pressure
Atherosclerosis condition in which arteries are narrowed by the accumulation of fatty substances on their inner surfaces.
Malnutrition state of poor nutrition
Essential Nutrients composed of chemical elements found in food
Carbs the major source of readily usable human energy
cellulose fiborous, indigestible form of plant carbohydrate
lipids commonly called fats and oils
oils organic compounds
cholesterol sterol lipid found in body cells and animal products
proteins basic components of all body cells and animal products
vitamins organic compounds that are essential to life
antioxidants organic molecules that help protect the body from harmful chemicals called free radicals
minerals inorganic (non-living) elements found in all body tissues.
digestion process by which the body breaks down food into smaller parts, changes the food chemically.
Peristalsis a rhythmic, wavelike motion of the muscles
absorption process in which blood or lymph capillaries pick up digested nutrients
metabolism process in which nutrients are used by the cells for building tissue, providing energy, & regulating various body functions
BMR rate at which the body uses energy just for maintaining its own tissue, without doing any voluntary work
Kilo-calories unit used to measure heat
Calorie kilocalorie
Therapeutic diets modifications of the normal diet & used to improve specific health
Anorexia (loss of appetite) weakness, illness, loneliness, self-pity
regular diet balanced diet usually used for the ambulatory patient
liquid diets clear/full liquids
soft diet similar to the regular diet, but foods must require little chewing and be easy to digest
diabetic diet used for patients with diabetes mellitus
calorie controlled diets include both low and high calorie diets
low cholesterol diets restrict food containing cholesterol
fat restricted diets low fat diets
sodium restricted diets include both low/high sodium diets
protein diets include both low/high protein diets
Bland diets consists of easily digested foods
low residue diets eliminates or limits food that are high in bulk and fiber
Created by: Dani1894