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Health Unit 2 Vocab

Unit 2 Health Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Nutrition the science or study of food and the ways in which the body uses food
Nutrient substance in food that provides energy or helps form body tissues that are necessary for life and growth
Carbohydrate class of energy-giving nutrients that include sugars, starches, and fiber
Fat class of energy-giving nutrients; also the main form of energy storage in the body
Protein class of energy-giving nutrients that are made up of amino acids which are needed to build and repair body structures and to regulate processes in the body
Starch made of many glucose units linked together; found in foods like potatoes, beans, and grains
Glycogen made in the body; made of highly branched chains of glucose; stored in the muscle and liver of humans and animals; can be broken down to provide a quick source of glucose
Fiber type of complex carbohydrate that provides little energy and cannot be digested by humans. Keeps intestines healthy, prevents constipation, may help prevent colon cancer and heart disease.
Lipids fatty or oily substances that do not dissolve in water
Fatty acids smaller molecule of fat
Triglycerides another term for fats because three fatty acids are liked to one glycerol
Saturated Fats fats that are made up of saturated fatty acids. Most are solid at room temperature and come from animal foods such as meat and milk
Unsaturated fats fats that are made up of unsaturated fatty acids. More common in plants and tend to be liquid at room temperature
Trans fat unsaturated fatty acids that are formed when vegetable oils are processed into margarine and shortening. May increase the risk of heart disease
cholesterol another type of lipid, found in all human and animal tissues, needed to make Vitamin D, cell membranes, certain hormones, and bile
LDL low-density-lipoprotein (bad) brings cholesterol to the body cells
HDL high-density-lipoprotein (good) carries cholesterol back to liver where it is removed from the blood
Amino Acids linked together to make each type of protein
Vitamins class of nutrients that contain carbon and are needed in small amounts to maintain health and allow growth
Minerals class of nutrients that are chemical elements that are needed for certain body processes, such as enzyme activity and bone formation
Nutrient deficient state of not having enough nutrient to maintain good health
Antioxidant substance that is able to protect body structures from a highly chemical reactive form of oxygen called free radical
Electrotypes vital for processes such as muscle movement, nerve signals, and the transport of nutrients into and out of body cells. Help control fluid levels in your body
Dehydration occurs when the body loses more water than has been taken in
RDA Recommended Dietary Allowances-recommended nutrient intakes that will meet the needs of almost all healthy people
DV Daily Value-recommended daily amount of a nutrient; used on food labels to helps people see how a food fits into their diet
UL Tolerable Upper Intake Level-largest amount of a nutrient you can take without risking toxicity
Additive substances added to food to keep the foods from spoiling or to improve taste, smell, texture, appearance, or nutrient content of a food
Hunger body's physical response to the need of food
Appetite the desire, rather than the need, to eat certain foods
BMR basal metabolic rate; rate at which energy is used to keep the body alive when in a rested and fasting state
Overweight being heavy for one's height
Obesity having significant amount of excess body fat; state of weighing more than 20% above your recommended body weight
Body composition proportion of body weight that is made up of fat tissue compared to lean tissue
BMI body mass index; index of weight in relation to height that is used to assess healthy body weight
Fad Diet diet that requires a major change in eating habits and promises quick weight loss
Body image how you see and feel about your appearance and how comfortable you are with your body
Anorexia Nervosa eating disorder that involves self-starvation, a distorted body image, and low body weight.
Bulimia Nervosa eating disorder in which the individual repeatedly eats large amounts of food and then uses behaviors such as vomiting or using laxatives to rid the body of the food
Binge eating eating a large amount of food in one sitting; usually accompanied by a feeling of being out of control
Purge engaging in behaviors such as vomiting or misusing laxatives to rid the body of food
Food allergy abnormal response to a food that is triggered by the immune system
Lactose intolerance the inability to completely digest the milk sugar lactose
food-borne illness illness caused by eating or drinking a food that contains a toxin or disease-causing microorganism
cross contamination transfer of contaminants from one food to another
Created by: ArrowForever