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Statictics the mathematics of the collection,organization,and interpretation ofnumerical data
Data information,especially information orgazied for analysis or used as the basis for a decision; numerical information
Population a set of persons or objects having a common objectivable characteristics
Sample subset or small part of a population
Constant something that assumes only one value; it is a value that is replaceable by one and only one
Variable something that can change, in contrast, to a constant, which remains the sme
Qualitiative Variable yield observations that can be categorized according to some characteristics of quality
Quantitative yield observations that can be measured
Nominal Data data that is unordered
Ordinal Data order or rank represents a specified postion in a numbered series such as an ordianl rank of seven
Ranked Data ordinal data in which the results are ranked either from high to low or low th high
Discrete Data expressed as a whole number or integer
Continouous Data variables are those that fall into the categore of measured to the nearest number
Ungrouped Data listing of all scores as they obtained ; distribution in which scores are ranked from highest to lowest or lowest to highest but each score has its own place in the array
Grouped Data involves some type of grouping or combining of scores
Descriptive Statistics describe and analyze a given group without drawing any concluions or inferences about a large group
Inferential Statistics give information regarding kikds of claims or stateents that can be reasonably make about the population based on data from a sample
Morbidity data refer to disease statistics and are gathered to privide data on the prevalence of disease
Morality refers to death statistics
Demographic Data collected on human popultaions; study of characteistics of human populations; includes compostion of a population; age, gender, ethnicity,income, health statues
Vital Statistics record data on human events ; birth,death,marriage, divorces, dieseased/morbidity
Data/Statistic Use allow health care professions to; asses utilization of services;quality of care being dilivered;justification of new services or facilities; new equipment or staff
Data for Decision Making 1 Management decisions;operations,financia,services,facliities and equipment,staffing, quality/improvement,efficiency'standards,employee
Data for Decision Making 2 Patient Care Decisions;infection rates,medications/errors,(LOS)leangth of stay,diagnosis,accountavility,statistical reports,research,determine trends
Users of Data 1 intrnal users of data;health car facility caregivers,nurses and therapists,health car facilities management,chief financial officer,health car reserchers, physicians,residents
users of Data 2 Lisensing and accreditiong agencies, JCAHO, Government,local,state,national departments of health,insurers/third party payers, medicare,medicaid
Sources of data Primarly data,patient medical record secondary data, abstracted data from patinet recors and recorded in other documents,lists registers,indexes,master patiend index,disease indexes
Data Collection Goverment dat collection,public health,cdc,local or county level,transmitted to state level sucha as communicable , deaths, maraiages ect. state data tion should be ample and sufficient but no more that what is required
Role of the HIM professionals collect preserve and present dat in health care facilities,Him practitioners require a basic understanding of statistics,can assure accuracy of data in the data collection prosess