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PoH Processes

Study for Respiration, Pulse, and vocab

Define Pulse the pressure of the blood pushing against the wall of an artery as the heart beats and rests
Where is the Temporal Artery? In the head
Where is the Carotid Artery? Neck area
Where is the Brachial Artery? Elbow area
Where is the Radial Artery? Wrist area
Where is the Femoral Artery? Genital Area
Where is the Popliteal Artery? Knee Area
Where is the Dorsalis Pedis Artery? Ankle/foot area
Three factors that must be noted about each and every pulse Variations, extremes, and rhythm
Normal Pulse Rate: Adults 60-90 beats/minute
Normal Pulse Rate: Children over 7 70-90 beats/minute
Normal Pulse Rate: Children 1-7 Years Old 80-110 beats/minute
Normal Pulse Rate: Infants 100-160 beats/minute
Three factors that can increase pulse rate Exercise, Stimulant drugs, excitement
Three factors that can decrease pulse rate Sleep, Depressant Drugs, heart disease
A pulse rate in adults below 60 beats/minute is? Bradycardia
A pulse rate in adults above 100 beats/minute is? Tachycardia
An irregular or abnormal rhythm is? Arrhythmia
Define Respiration the process of taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide from the lungs and respiratory tract
One respiration consists of: Inspiration and Expiration
Normal respiration rate: Adult 14-18 breaths/minute
Normal respiration rate: children 16-25 breaths/minute
Normal respiration rate: infants 30-50 breaths/minute
Words that describe the character or volume of respiration: Deep, Shallow, Labored, Difficult
Words that describe the Rhythm of respiration: Regular or Irregular
Define Dyspnea difficult or labored breathing
Define Apnea Absence of respirations, usually temporary
What are periods of dyspnea followed by periods of apnea? Cheyne-Stokes
What are rales? bubbling or noisy sounds caused by fluids or mucus in the air passages
Respiratory rate above 25 breaths/minute Tachypnea
Slow respiratory rate usually below 10 breaths/minute Bradypnea
Define Wheezing difficult breathing with a high-pitched whistling or sighing sound during expiration
Why should patients not be aware that you are counting their breaths? Respirations are partially under voluntary control patients may breath more quickly or slowly if they notice you measuring breath
When taking a TPR, what is one way to take respirations without letting the patient know? Leave hand on pulse site.
Created by: AlexwithLen