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health determinant

Health and development glossary

Behavioural determinants: Health factors that are behaviour driven, and which include responses and actions that a person has learnt over time
Biological determinant: Biological aspect of body functioning such as genetics, age, hormones and blood pressure that contribute towards good or poor health
Determinant Any factor that can increase the chances of ill-health (risk factor) or good health (protective factor) in a population or individual
Determinants of health: Risk and protective factors that influence the state of health of an individual, group or community
Environmental factors: All external factors that influence the growth, development and health of individuals or groups
Gender Social, rather than biological, idea about male and female characteristics which informs the way in which a person is accepted by social institutions
Genetic predisposition: Having an inherited susceptibility to a condition or disease
Health inequalities: Differences in health status that result from social, economic and geographic influences that are avoidable, unfair and unnecessary
Quintile Statistical unit produced when data is ranked from highest to lowest and then divided into five equal parts; each part is called a quintile
Social determinants of health: Factors in society, or in people’s living conditions, that affect their health throughout life, for better or for worse
Social environment: Social, cultural, economic and political world in which an individual lives
Socioeconomic status: Relative standing of individuals within a society. The measures of socioeconomic status often include an individual’s income, educational level and occupation
Access to health care: Having a variety of health care services within reach, which provide everybody, regardless of age, gender or income level, the opportunity to seek help from health care professionals
Blood cholesterol: Level of cholesterol in the blood at a given time
Blood pressure: Rate of circulation of blood in the body that can be used to measure the forces exerted on the walls of arteries of the body
Body mass index (BMI) Measurement, that is calculated by dividing an individual’s weight in kilograms by the square of their height in metres (kg/m2)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) Any diseases and conditions that directly involve the heart and blood vessels of the heart, including CHD, stroke, heart failure and peripheral vascular disease
Coronary heart disease (CHD) Disease of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle
Diabetes mellitus: Metabolic condition that results in the body having high levels of glucose in the blood, and insufficient levels in the cells
Excess weight: Condition describing excessive fat accumulation that adversely affects health. This term includes being both obese and overweight
High blood pressure: Condition which occurs when the heart is forced to pump blood under too much pressure, putting the cardiovascular system under strain and damaging blood vessels
Created by: H F