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Health Cards Chap. 2

Flash cards that can be used to revise terms.

What is High Blood Pressure? High Blood Pressure is when blood is being pumped through the arteries at a harder and faster rate than one that is considered to be normal and healthy. This is also known as hypertension.
What are Chronic Diseases? Chronic Diseases are diseases marked by a long duration and frequent recurrence that often progress slowly, especially degenerative diseases such as Osteoarthritis. These are also known as non-communicable diseases.
What is Cardiovascular Disease? Cardiovascular Disease encompasses all diseases and conditions of the heart and blood vessels (including heart, stroke and vascular diseases) caused mainly by blood supply to the heart, brain and legs.
What is Cancer? Cancer is a range of diseases categorised by uncontrolled and abnormal cell growth. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body, causing further damage.
What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which high blood glucose levels result from defective insulin secretion, insulin action or both.
What is Asthma? Asthma is a chronic condition that affects the small air passages of the lungs. When exposed to certain triggers, the airways of people with asthma will narrow, making it hard for them to breathe.
What is Osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis is a group of diseases involving the degradation of joints and cartilage, causing stiffness and tenderness in the joints, as well as inflammation, pain and locking.
What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)? Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive and disabling long term lung disease where damage to the lungs obstructs oxygen intake and causes increasing shortness of breath. The greatest cause of COPD is tobacco smoking.
What is Ischaemic Heart Disease? Ischaemic Heart Disease is a chronic disease caused by insufficient blood supply to the heart muscles via the coronary arteries.
What is Cerebrovascular Disease? Cerebrovascular Disease is a group of disorders that affect the blood vessels that supply the brain, which may result in a stroke.
What are Mental Disorders? Mental Disorders are disturbances of mood or thought that can affect behaviour and distress the person or those around them, so that the person often has trouble functioning normally. They include anxiety disorders, depression and schizophrenia.
What are Musculoskeletal Conditions? Musculoskeletal Conditions are ill health conditions related to the muscles, joints and bones.
What is Indigenous? Indigenous refers to a person of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent who identifies as an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander and is accepted as such by the community with which they live.
What are Rural and Remote Populations? Rural and Remote describes those areas situated outside any city or metropolitan (urban) area that has a population greater than 100,000 people.
What is Pertussis (Whooping cough)? Pertussis is an infectious (communicable) disease of the air passages obvious by explosive fits of coughing and often a whooping sound on breathing in. It is preventable by vaccination.
What is Perinatal? Perinatal is a condition occurring in the baby in the period shortly before or after birth (usually up to 28 days after).
What is Socioeconomic Status? Socioeconomic Status, also referred to as Social Class, is a status determined by the key elements of income, education level, employment status and occupational type.
What are Quintiles? Quintiles are a group derived by ranking the population according to specified criteria related to Socioeconomic Status and dividing it into five equal parts.
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