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NATP chapter 14 IC

Infection control

QuestionAnswer
A human or animal that is a reservoir for microbes but does not have the signs or sx of infection carrier
disease caused by pathogens that spread easily communicable disease
infection that develops in a person cared for in any setting where health care is given nosocomial or HAI
disease state resulting from the invasion and growth of microbes in the body infection
microbes that live and grow in a certain area normal flora
a microbe that is harmful and can cause an infection pathogen
a bacterium protected by a hard shell spore
the environment where a microbe lives and grows; such as the host reservoir
abbreviation for a multidrug-resistant organisms MDRO's
an infection in a body part (such as the finger or arm) local infection
an infection that involves the whole body (such as sepsis) systemic infection
Sx such as fever, pain, tenderness, redness, discharge, pus, and confusion symptoms of infection
this population is at risk of infection because of lowered immunity Geriatric population
What does this represent: source, reservoir, portal of exit, method of transmission, portal of entry, susceptible host Chain of infection
When poor wiping from BM enters the urinary system the e-coli from stool can cause a infection since it is not normal flora
In this practice the # of pathogens are removed or destroyed resulting in few pathogens being left on the item medical asepsis
how long does hand washing last 15 seconds
This is the process of destroying pathogens where spores are not destroyed disinfection
These are disinfectants applied to the skin, tissues and non living objects. germicides
standard precautions and transmission based precautions CDC's two teirs of precautions to prevent the spread of infection
This organization develops disease prevention and control guidelines and standards to improve health CDC
When do you remove and discard PPE before leaving the room
These interventions are known as... cover the nose mouth when coughing use tissues to contain secretions dispose of tissues in waste can preform hand hygiene after contact with respiratory secretions respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette
This transmission based precaution is used when some one is sneezing, coughing, or talking Droplet precautions
This precaution is used when someone could be infected by a pathogen through person to person through airborne Airborne precautions
Transmission based precaution where infection could be spread through direct or indirect contact Contact precautions
PPE in this order: gown,mask,goggles,gloves Donning of PPE
disposable items are used because.... they prevent the spread of infection
What procedure is this: grasp just below the cuff,pull over your other hand so it is inside out remove gloves
This PPE protects your clothing and is turned inside out when removed Gown
Abbreviation for other potentially infectious material OPIM
This regulation by OSHA protects employees from exposure to HIV and Hep B Blood borne pathogen standard
This plan identifies staff at risk for exposure to blood or OPIM. This plan includes actions to take if an exposure occurs Exposure control plan Exposure control plan
These controls reduce employee exposure in the workplace (ie, sharps containers) Engineering and work practice controls
your hands are soiled with blood, what do you do? wash your hands
What do pathogens need to grow water, dark environment, nourishment, oxygen.
You dry from cleanest to dirtiest, therefore you would start drying your hands..... fingertips to forearms
When you have a sterile field _______ inch around your sterile field is contaminated one inch on all sides of your sterile field
You apply your gloves before or after your sterile field is set up after your sterile field is set up
A mask is considered contaminated when wet True or false True
What is OPIM other potentially infectious material
A body fluid is considered to be potentially infectious because it may contain what? Blood
When the person has protection against a certain disease, they are said to have Immunity
What is it when you have contact with any OPIM or blood in your eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non intact skin, or parenteral route exposure incident
If there is an exposure incident the Hep B vaccine is given to prevent Hep infection
When there is presence of OPIM or blood on a surface it is said to be contaminated
These are all unmet when a person requires transmission based precautions Self esteem needs
Linens soiled with urine would be placed where? In a plastic bag
If the bag were soiled on the outside of the bag what would you do double bag
Created by: tonyawiltshire