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Health Defintions

QuestionAnswer
Health A state of complete physical, social and mental wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
Wellbeing the state of being healthy, happy and contented, usually determined through self-assessment
Homeostasis the property within a living organism that regulates its external environment to maintain stability and constancy
Health status an individuals or populations overall level of health, tacking into account various aspects such as life expectancy, amount of disability and level of disease risk factors
Mental health state of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her own community.
Physical Health relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness
Social Health being able to interact with others and participate in the community both in an independent and cooperative way
What are some examples for optimal health for Physical health - having reliable body function - having a healthy blood pressure level - being physically fit - being free from disease or illness
What are some examples for optimal health for Social health - maintaining a network of friends - communicating effectively with others - accepting responsibility for actions - obeying rules and regulations of society
What are some examples for optimal health for Mental health - recognising and expressing feelings - supporting and helping family - feeling good about ones self - having coping mechanisms for stress
health continuum the level of healthiness that a person is experiencing illustrated on a line ranging from optimal health to death
life expectancy an indication of how long a person can expect to live; it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change
health promotion activities aimed at improving health and preventing disease by enabling people to increase control over and improve their health.
Health adjusted life expectancy(HALE) a measure of burden of disease, based on life expectancy at birth, but including an adjustment for time spent in poor health. it is the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live based on current rates of ill health and mortality
mortality the number of deaths caused by a particular disease, illness or other environmental factor
under-5 mortality rate the number of deaths of children under 5 years of age per thousand live births
morbidity ill health in an individual and the levels of ill health in a pop ulation or group
disability adjusted life year (DALY) a measure of burden of disease one-DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury
burden of disease a measure of the impact of diseases and injury's; specifically it measures the gap between current health status and ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. burden of diseas is measured in a unit called DALY
YLL (years of life lost) The fatal burden of disease of a population, defined as the years of life lost due to death
YLD (years of life lot due to disability) the non-fatal component of the disease burden and is a measurement of the healthy years lost due to diseases or injuries
incidence the number or rate of new cases of a particular condition during a specific time
prevalence the number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present at a given time
determinants of health factors that raise or lower a level of health in a population or individual
Created by: michelle18