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Health Cards Chap. 1

Flash cards that can be used to revise terms.

QuestionAnswer
What is Physical Health? Physical Health relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.
What is Social Health? Social Health is being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.
What is Mental Health? Mental Health is the state of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.
What is Mortality? Mortality is the number of deaths caused by a particular disease, illness or other environmental factor.
What is Under 5 Mortality Rate? Under 5 Mortality Rate is the number of deaths of children under five years of age per 1000 live births.
What is Prevalence? Prevalence is the number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time.
What is Incidence? Incidence is the number or rate of new cases of a particular condition during a specific time.
What is Burden of Disease? Burden of Disease is the impact of a particular disease in relation to the amount of healthy life lost due to premature death, illness and/or disability of a person, population or country.
What are the Dimensions of Health? The Dimensions of Health are the three components of health which combine to form an individual or group's health status and include physical, social and mental health.
What is Morbidity? Morbidity is an estimate of the number of years, from the time of birth, a person is expected to live ill health and the levels of ill health in a population or group.
What is Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE)? Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE) is a calculation of how many years a person is expected to live in full health and without illness, disability or premature death.
What is Life Expectancy? Life Expectancy is an indication of how long a person can expect to live; it is the number of years of life remaining in a person at a particular age if death rates do not change.
What are Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs)? Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) are a measure of burden of disease - one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury.
What is Health? Health is a complete state of physical, social and mental wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
What is Wellbeing? Wellbeing is the state of being healthy, happy and contented, usually determined through self assessment.
What is Homeostasis? Homeostasis is the property within a living organism that regulates its internal and external environment to maintain stability and constancy.
What is Health Status? Health Status is an individual's or population's overall level of health, taking into account various aspects such as life expectancy, amount of disability, and levels of disease risk factors.
What is the Health Continuum? The Health Continuum is the level of healthiness that a person is experiencing illustrated on a line ranging from optimal health to death.
What is a Health Promotion? A Health Promotion is a number of activities aimed at improving health and preventing disease by enabling people to increase control over and improve their health.
What are YLLs? YLLs are the years of life lost due to death.
What are YLDs? YLDs are the healthy years of life due to diseases or injuries.
What are the Determinants of Health? The Determinants of Health are factors that raise or lower a level of health in a population or individual. They explain or predict trends in health and why some groups have better or worse health than others. These are biological, behavioural and social.
What are Biological Determinants? Biological Determinants are factors relating to the body that impact on health, such as genetics, hormones, body weight, blood pressure, cholesterol levels and birth weight.
What are Behavioural Determinants? Behavioural Determinants are actions or patterns of living of an individual or a group that impact on health, such as smoking, sexual activity, participation in physical activity and eating practices.
What are Social Determinants? Social Determinants are aspects of society and the social environment that impact on health, such as poverty, early life experiences, social networks and support.
What are Environmental Determinants? Environmental Determinants are all external factors that impact on the health and development of an individual or group.
What is the Physical Environment? The Physical Environment is the physical surroundings in which individuals exist on a daily basis.
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