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In Health & Disease

Med Tech I

QuestionAnswer
Anatomy Study of the structures of the body
Physiology Study of the functions of the body
Anatomic Position Describes the body assuming the individual is standing up straight so that the body is erect and facing forward and the arms are at the side with the palms turned to the front
Body Planes Imaginary vertical and horizontal lines used to divide the body into sections for descriptive purposes
Peritoneum is a multilayered membrane that protects and holds the organs in place within the abdominal cavity
Retroperitoneal located behind the peritoneum
Peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
Cytology the study of the cell
Gene a fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity
Genetics the study of how genes are transferred from parents to their children and the role of genes in health and disease
Genome is the complete set of genetic information of an individual
Chromosomes are the genetic structures located within the nucleus of each cell
Genetic Disorder (hereditary) a patholigical condition caused by an absent or defective gene
Histology the study of tissues
Gland a group of specialized epithelial cells that are capable of producing secretions
Exocrine Glands secrete chemical substance into ducts
Endocrine Glands produce hormones and do not have ducts
Pathology the study of the nature and cause of disease
Etiology the study of the causes of disease
Epidemiologist a specialist in the study of outbreaks of disease within a population
Endemic refers to the ongoing presence of a disease within a population, group, or area
Epidemic a sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific popluation group or area
Pandemic an outbreak of a disease occurring over a large geographic area, possibly worldwide
Functional disorder produces symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
Iatrogenic illness unfavorable response due to prescribed medical treatment
Idiopathic illness illness without a known cause
Infectious disease illness cause by a living pathogenic organism
Nosocomial infection a disease acquired in the hospital or clinc setting
Congenital disorder an abnormal condition that exsists at the time of birth
Geriatrics (Gerentology) study of the medical problems and care of the aged
Created by: sandra.whiteside