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terms of nutrition

Medical Technology II

active lifestyle being physically active at a level to walking more than 3 miles at 3 to 4 miles per hours, in addition to the light physical activity of day-to-day life
calcium a mineral nutrient that helps build and renew bones and teeth
calories a measure of the energy used by the body, and the energy that food supplies to the body
carbohydrates essential nutrients that are the body's main source of energy
cholesterol a waxy substance found in every cell of humans and animals
common measures used in cooking and food preparation and often called household measures
daily value are recommended amounts of key nutrients, based on 2000 calories a day
% DVs show specific amounts of nutrients for each food
dietary fiber plant material that cannot be digested
fat a nutrient that supplies energy, promotes healthy skin and growth, and is a carrier of certain vitamins
fluids food in all beverages and foods
inactive liffestyle includes only light physical activity of standard day-to-day lifestyle
iron a mineral nutrient that helps build and renew the part of red blood cells that carry oxygen to cells
lactose intolerance the body's inability to digest the natural sugar found in milk and milk products
minerals nutrients such as calcium, iron, and zinc; some regulate body processes while others become part of body tissues
milk products important source of calcium for teens
My Plate the food guidance system developed to guide healthful eating and active living
nutrient dense foods provide high amounts of vitamins and minerals and are lower in calories than similar types of food
nutrients substances found in food tha nourish your body
nutrition facts panel section of the food label that shows the serving size, calories, and key nutrients by %DV in one measured amount of food
oils forms of fats that are liquid at room temperature
physical activity any action that uses your muscles to move your body and uses up energy
protein an essential nutrient that helps your body grow, repair itself, and fight disease
saturated fats solid at room temperature, such as fats in meats, poultry skin, and foods made from whole milk
serving size indicates a fixed amount of food, such as 1 cup or 1 ounce, shown on nutrition labels
sodium a mineral nutrient that contributes to balancing the movement of fluid in and out of your cells, regulating blood pressure and transmitting nerve impulses
somewhat active lifestyle includes being physically active at a level equal to walking about 1 1/2 to 3 miles at 3 to 4 miles per hour beyond day-to-day life activities
sugars simple form of carbohydrates that usually taste sweet and are quickly absorbed
supplements a product that provides extra amounts of parts of foods, such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids, fiber, herbal products, and many other substances
talk-sing test a simple way for people to be aware of their aerobic level
trans fats formed when liquid oils are made into solid fats like shortening and hard margarine
unsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature, such as the fat in vegetable oils, nuts, fish, and olives
vitamins nutrients that do not provide energy or build body tissue, but help to regulate body processes
vitamin A a nutrient that promotes growth and healthy skin and hair
vitamin C a nutrient that increases resistance to infections and helps wounds heal
volume equvalents objects that have the same volume when compared to another item of equal size
whole grains contain the entire grain kernal: the bran, germ, and endosperm
Created by: sandra.whiteside