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Human Behavior Final

10 Healthy Practices 1. Eating Breakfast 2. Eating regular meals and not snacking 3. Eating moderately to maintain normal weight 4. Exercising moderately 5. Not smoking 6. Drinking alcohol moderately or not at all 7. Regularly sleeping seven to eight hours a night 8. Avoiding
Increase life expectancy 1. Parents and grandparents lived to 80 or more, being married for most of adult years, not being overweight, exercising regularly
Increase life expectancy 2 Light drinking, not smoking, being basically happy and content with life, graduating from college, living in a rural environment, having regualr medical checkups, stress management
Decrease life expectancy Parents and grandparents died of an illness fairly early in thier lives, parents or grandparents had diaetes, thyroid disorders, breast cancer, cancer of the digestive system, asthma, or chronic bronchitis
Decrease life expectancy 2 being unmarried for most adult years, being overweight, not exercising regularly, having a sedentary job, drinking heavily, smoking, being aggressive, being unhappy, not finishing HS, living in urban environment, frequent illness, stress, AIDS
Leading causes of death 1. Diseases of heart 2. cancer 3. stroke 4. lung disease 5. alzheimer's 6. diabetes 7. pneumonia or influenza 8. all other causes
Physical Exercise Older people benefit from a variety of exercise programs that include walking, swimming, and weight lifting. As people get older, continued exercise reduces the degree of physical and mental slowness
Mental Activity mental exercise maintains good cognitive functioning.
Sleep patterns Older people in fairly good health require no more sleep than do those in middle adulthood.
Nutrition and Diet lack of money, transportation problems, little incentive to prepare a nutritious meal when one is living alone, inadequeate cooking and storage facilities, decreased or altered sense of taste, poor teeth and lack of good dentures, lack of knowledge about
Stress and stress management people who are successful in managing stress have a life expectancy that is several years longer than those who are continually at high stress levels.
Developmental Tasks Retirement and lower income, living with one's spouse in retirement, friends in own age group, interest in friends and family, social and civic responsibilities
Developmental Tasks 2 coping with illness or loss of spouse, finding good living arrangements, adjusting to changes in physical strength and health, reappraising values, accepting thought of death
Spirituality promotes emotional well being in later life. Higher morale if religious, better attitude toward aging, more satisfied and less lonely.
Judaism -Jews -One God, creator of the world, Hebrew Bible, Torah is God's law, Talmud, Mishnah, Halakhah, Abraham is ancestor of Hebrews, Synagogue, Ark(cupboard), Pentateuch scrolls, Rabbi, Rosh Hashhana New year, Yon Kipur day of atonement, Hanakkah rededicati
Islam God is Allah, originated in Arabia, Muhammed son of Abdallah, Gabriel gave him revelations, Quran, Shahadah profession of faith, Salat formal prayer, Zokat purification, Saum is when you fast during Ramadan, Hajj pilgrimage
Buddhism India,Buddha enlightened being, four noble truths, law of karma, sila morality, samadhi meditation, panna wisdom,
Activity Theory asserts that the more physically and mentally active people are, the more successfully they will age.
Disengagement Theory A process whereby people respond to aging by gradually withdrawing from the various roles and social relationships they occupied in middle age.
community disengagement theory older people withdrawing from a community, but also the community withdrawing from older people.
Social Reconstruction Syndrome Theory social breakdown occurs for older people because of the effects of labeling. Society has unrealistic expectations that all adults should work and be productive; as a result they become more dependent and incompetent and feel inadequate.
Marriage couples who are still married in later years are less likely to see thier marriages as full of problems. BEing in love is still important for successful marriage in late adulthood. Married older people are happier than the unmarried.
Death of a Spouse Teh survivor now finds he or sheh has a lot more tasks to do, some of which were never learned. Survivors social life changes.
Widowhood Women are more likely to be widowed. Widowed people of both sexes tend to have higher rates of depression and mental illness. People who adjust best to widowhood are those who keep busy.
Never Married tend to be more independent, have fewer social relationships, and express less concern about their age
Remarriage Married older people are happier than those living alone.
Family System Relationships most older people's family relationsips are generally quite positive. Older people and their adult children usually do not live together. They tend to live close to children and see them frequently.
Parenting adult children parents are usually caregivers of adult chilren who have a mental illness. Parents of divorced adults see their children more often after teh divorce than they did before and often take them into thier home.
Grandparenthood Fun seeker: playmate to grandchildren Distant figure: periodic contact with kids. Surrogate parent: assumes a lot of caretaking responsibilities. Formal figure: special treats and occasional baby sitting. Family wisdom: authoritairan role
Great Grandparenthood great grandparents view great grandchilcren as a source of diversion and as evidence of their own longevity and oth their family's revewal and continued survival.
Kubler Ross Model Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, Acceptance
Wesberg Model Shock and Denial, Emotions Erupt, Anger, Illness, Panic, Guilt, Depression and Loneliness, Reentry difficulties, Hope, Affirming Reality
Erickson Integrity vs. despair: integrity only comes after considerable reflection about teh meaning of one's life. Despair is a feeling of regret about one's past and includes a continuously nagging desire to have done things differently
Life satisfaction a sense of psychological well being in general or of satisfaction with life as a whole.
Death preoccupation with dying is an ongoing concern of oler people. They focus on teh disability, pain, or long period of suffering that may precede death. Many people die in nursing homes or hospitals. Hospices view disease not patient as terminal.
Elder Abuse son or daugher, caregiver, spouse. Victim is older person in poor health who lives with someone. Physical abuse, psychological abuse, financial abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, self neglect, violating personal rights.
Housing 95 percent of older people do not live in nursing homes. Older people who live in rural areas generally have a higher status than those living in urban areas. 3/4 of Americans live in urban areas, and older people often live in poor quality housing.
Transportation many older people do not drive, some cant afford a car, some have physical limitations
Crime victimization reduced energy, strength, and agility makes them vulnerable. They fear of being victimized, may not report it due to fear
Senescence The process of aging. Teh normal process of bodily change that accompanies aging. Affects different people and various parts of the body at different rates.
Senility an irreversible mental and physical deterioration associated with later adulthood. it is not a true medical diagnosis.
Created by: kmerdman