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Vital Signs Vocab

Vital Signs Vocabulary

Vital Signs various determinations that provide information about the basic body conditions of the patient.
temperature a measure if the balance between heat lost and heat produced by the body.
pulse the pressure of the blood felt against the wall of an artery's as the heart contracts and relaxes or beats.
rate number of beats per minute.
rhythm refers to regularity
volume refers to strength
respirations reflect the breathing rate of the patient
blood pressure the force exerted by the blood against the arterial walls when the heart contracts or relaxes.
apical pulse pulse taken with a stethoscope and near the apex of the heart.
homoeostasis the ideal health state in the human body.
oral temperatures are taken in the mouth.
rectal temperatures are taken in the rectum.
axillary temperatures are taken in the armpit,under the upper arm .
aural temperature is taken with a special thermometer that is placed in the ear or auditory canal.
hypothermia a low body temperature; below 95 degrees Fahrenheit and 35 degrees celsius and is measured rectally
fever elevated body temperature;usually above 101 degrees Fahrenheit and 38.3 degrees celsius
pyrexia another term for fever.the term febrile means a fever is present;afebrile means no fever is present or the temperature is between normal range.
hyperthermia when the body temperature exceeds 104 degrees fahrenheit and 40 degrees celsius and is measured rectally
clinical thermometer used to record temperatures. a clinical thermometer consists of a slender glass tube containing mercury or alcohol inside with a red dye which expands when exposed to heat.
electrical thermometer this type of thermometer registers the temperature on a viewer in a few seconds and can be used to take oral,rectal, axillary and groin temperatures
tympanic thermometers are specialized electronic thermometers that record the aural temperatures in the ear.
bradycardia a pulse rate under 60 beats per minute
tachycardia a pulse rate over 100 beats per minute (except in children)
arrhythmia an irregular ir abnormal rhythm,usually caused by a defect in the electrical conduction pattern of the heart.
respirtation is the process of taking in oxygen(O2) and exhale carbon dioxide (CO2) from the lungs and respiratory tract.
character refers to the depth and quality of respirations
dyspnea difficult or labored breathing
apnea abscence of respirations,usually temporary
tachypnea respiratory rate above 25 respirations per minute
bradypnea slow respiratory rate , usually below 10 respirations per minute
orthopnea severe dyspnea in which breathing is very difficult in any position other than sitting erect or standing
cheyne-strokes respirations periods of dyspnea followed by periods of apnea;frequently noted in the dieing patient
rales bubbling or noisy sounds caused by fluids or mucus in the air passage
wheezing difficult breathing with a high pitched whistling or sighing sound during expiration;caused by a narrowing of bronchiloes , as seen in asthma and or an obstruction or mucus accumilation in the bronchi
cyanosis a dusky,bluish discoloration of the skin,lips,and/or nail beds as a result of decreased oxygen and increased dioxide in the blood stream
pulse deficit is a condition that occures with some heart conditions
sphygmomanometer instrument calibrated for measuring blood pressure in millimeters or mercury (mm hg)
systolic pressure occurs in the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle of the heart is contracting and pushing blood into the arteries
diastolic is the constant pressure in the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle of the heart is at rest or between contractions
pulse pressure is the difference between systolic and diastolic pressure
hyper tension high blood pressure
hypotension low blood pressure
Created by: Technofrk1644