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Wellness Chapter 6

Wellness Exam 3- MU

The body's relative amounts (ratio) of fat mass and fat-free (such as bone, water muscle, connective and organ tissues, teeth, etc.) Body Composition
It's critical body fat necessary for a myriad of normal body functions; 3-5% of total body weight in males; 8-12% of total body weight in females Essential Body Fat
It's extra fat stored in the body from excess energy obtained from food intake Nonessential Body Fat
Most fat is stored in fat cells under the skin or adipose tissues (subcutameus fat) and around.... Major Organs
Connects the neurons of the brain in order to communicate with each other; maintains core body temperature; makes and regulates various hormones; cushion certain body areas Essential Body Fat
What fraction of the human brain is composed of fats? 2/3
Is defined as total body weight above the recommended range for good health; ranges are set by popular scales Overweight
Is defined as more serious degree of overweight, characterized by excessive accumulation of body fat Obesity
The prevalence of obesity has increased from about 13% in 1960 to about (percentage) 34% today
Obesity and overweight can decrease life expectancy by about (years) 10-12 years
Obesity and overweight causes the U.S. how much annually? 117 billion dollars annually
Increases risk of co-morbidities such as: Chronic diseases and premature death, impaired performance of physical activity, poor blood levels, cancer, type 2 diabetes Obesity and Overweight
Obese and overweight people are more than 3 times as likely to develop Type 2 (Adult) Diabetes
The disruption of normal glucose metabolism Diabetes Mellitus
Produces little to no insulin Type 1 (Juvenile)Diabetes
The pancreas does not produce enough insulin, cells are resistant to insulin, or both Type 2 (Adult) Diabetes
Develops in 2-5% of pregnant women due to weight Gestational Diabetes
Elevated blood glucose levels Pre-Diabetes
Regular physical activity include aerobic (CRE)exercise and weight training; Moderate diet; Modest body weight loss especially from fat Prevention of Diabetes
Fat stored in the abdominal (shape) Apple
Fat stored in the hip, thigh, and buttock region(shape) Pear
Excessive fat in this region increases the risk of many diseases such as: Type 2 Diabetes, heart disease, stroke, certain kinds of cancers, premature death. What is the region? Abdominal Region
Eating disorders have been associated with low percentages of body fat, especially in Young Women
A condition associated with eating disorders consisting of 3 inter-related disorders Female Athlete Triad
A measure that can classify health risks, based on the concept that a person's weight should be proportional to height Body Mass Index (BMI)
Skinfold measurements, underwater (hydrostatic) weighing, Bioeletrical impedance analysis (BIA), Girth Measurments Estimating Percent Body Fat
Most widely used to measure body fat; uses pressure calipers; Easy to use, accurate 96%, and portable Skinfold Measurment
Gold standard technique; most accurate method, 98% accuracy; difficult to use, time intensive, and expensive Underwater (Hydrostatic) Weighing
Simple to use; equipment is costly; Accuracy not proven yet, Less than 75% Bioeletrical Impedance Analysis (BIA)
Easy to use, inexpensive and portable; not widely used; not accurate for athletes, thin or obese people Girth Measurements
Created by: leo7o9