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bkx HSC101 T2, P3

HSC-101 Test #2, Part 3: Stress Management

Two Types of Stress Eustress: motivating Distress: negative (decreases immunity)
Nervous System Response -Somatic (voluntary) -Autonomic (involuntary/automatic) -Parasympathetic – calms -Sympathetic – arouses (“Fight or Flight”)
Endocrine System Response -Hypothalamus: “the great coordinator” -Pituitary: secretes endorphins -Adrenal glands: on top of kidneys; secrete cortisol, epinephrine & norepinephrine -Pineal glands: secrete melatonin
Endocrine System Response: Hormones Endorphins: prepare the body for injury Cortisol: breaks up triglycerides to create a rush of energy Epinephrine (adrenaline): dilates blood vessels Norepinephrine: constricts blood vessels
Name some "Fight or Flight" symptoms pupils dilate, acute hearing, digestion halt, bladder relax, increased heart rate, blood vessels dilate in muscles & brain to increase blood flow, blood vessels constrict everywhere else (skin & digestion)
General Adaptation Syndrome -Alarm: experience of stress -Resistance: adaptation to stress -Exhaustion: constant state of stress resulting in physical weakness
Three Physiological Effects of Stress 1) Increased blood pressure (hypertension) 2) Decreased immunity (risky behavior & decreased functioning of killer cells) 3) Hormonal changes
Name some behavioral effects of stress Smoking, substance abuse, altered sleeping patterns, disordered eating, decreased physical activity
What the top two SYMPTOMS of stress? #1 Insomnia #2 Headaches
Name some factors contributing to stress perception -Personality (Type A or B) -Temperament -Experiences (Early & Past) -Gender -Locus of control (Internal or External) -Learned coping mechanisms -Problem-focused (long-term solution) -Emotion-focused (short-term solution)
Name some stress management techniques -Meaningful relationships -Aerobic exercise -Healthy diet -Time management -Balance optimism & realism -Communicate openly & honestly -Practice relaxation -Progressive relaxation, visualization, deep breathing, meditation, yoga, Tai chi
Created by: bamkapowxo