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Med Term Chap 2

QuestionAnswer
cytoplasm holds the organelles of the cell
lysosome organelle that serves a digestion function of the cell
ribosome site of protein formation, contains RNA
mitochondrion converts nutrients to energy in the presence of oxygen
nucleus control center of cell, contains DNA, which carries genetic information
4 types of tissue Epithelial, connective, Muscular, Nervious
Viscera organs
apic/o apex - pointed extremity of a conical structure
corpor/o, som/o, somat/o body - most important part of an organ
hist/o tissue
strom/o stromal
par near
en- in
chym/o juice
-al pertaining to
fornic/o fornix - vaultlike or arched structure
fund/o fundus - base or deepest part of a hollow organ, farthest from opening of organ
hil/o hilum - recess, exit or entrance of a a duct into a gland
lunim/o lumen - space within an artery, vein, intestine or tube
sin/o, sinus/o sinus - cavity or channel in bone, a dilated channel for blood or vacity that permits the escape of purulent material
vestibul/o vestibule - small space or cavity at the beginning of a canal
musculoskeletel
integumentary cover and protection
gastrointestinal nutrition
urinary elimination of nitrogenous waste
reproductive reproduction
blood/lymphatic/immune transportation of nutrients/waste, protection
cardiovascular transportation of blood
respiratory delivers oxygen to cells and removes carbon dioxide
special senses information gathering
endocrine effects changes through chemical messengers
hem/o, hemat/o blood
oste/o, osse/o bone
cyt/o, cellul/o cell
lys/o breakdown, dissolve
homeostasis normal dynamic process of balance needed to maintain a healthy body
home/o same
-stasis controlling
metabolism act of converting energy within the body
Metabolism = anabolism + catabolism
anabolism + catabolism = metabolism
stromal tissue supportive
parenchymal working tissue
epithelial tissue acts as an internal or external covering for organs
connective variety of types including bone, blood and fat
muscular 3 types - all share ability to contract and relax
nervous cells that provide transmission of info to regulate a variety of functions
myocardium tissue that makes up the heart
endocardium outer covering of the heart (tissue)
musculoskeletal - body system support, movement, protection
integumentary - body system cover and protection
gastrointestinal - body system nutrition
urinary - body system elimination of nitrogenous waste
reproductive - body system reproduction
blood/lymphatic/immune - body system transportation of nutrients/waste, protection
cardiovascular - body system transportation of blood
respiratory - body system delivers oxygen to cells and removes carbon dioxide
nervous/behavioral - body system receive/process information
special senses - body system information gathering
endocrine - body system effects changes through chemical messengers
blood - adj form hem/o, hemat/o - hematic
hem/o, hemat/o - adj form blood - hematic
bone - adj form oste/o, osse/o - osseous, osteal
oste/o, osse/o - adj form bone - osseous, osteal
cell - adj form cyt/o, cellul/o - cellular
cyt/o, cellul/o - adj form cell - cellular
breakdown, dissolve - adj form lys/o - lytic
lys/o - adj form breakdown, dissolve - lytic
epithelium - adj form epitheli/o - epithelial
fat - adj form adip/o - adipose
adip/o - adj form fat - adipose
heart - adj form cardi/o - cardiac
cardi/o - adj form heart - cardiac
heart muscle - adj form myocardi/o - myocardial
myocardi/o - adj form heart muscle - myocardial
juice - adj form chym/o - chymous
chym/o - adj form juice - chymous
muscle - adj form my/o, muscul/o - muscular
nerve - adj form neur/o - neural
neur/o - adj form nerve - neural
nipple - adj form thel/e - thelial
nucleus - adj form kary/o, nucle/o - nuclear
organ, viscera - adj form organ/o, viscer/o - visceral
same home/o
stroma - adj form strom/o - stromal
strom/o - adj form stroma - stromal
system - adj form system/o - systemic
to throw, throwing bol/o
bol/o to throw, throwing
tissue hist/o
hist/o tissue
ana- up, apart, away
cata- down
en- in
endo- within
epi- above, upon
meta- beyond, change
para- near, beside, abnormal
-al, -ous pertaining to
-ia, -ism condition, state of
-on structure
-plasm formation
-some body
-stasis controlling, stopping
-um structure, thing, membrane
-us structure
cytology study of the cells
histology study of tissues
anatomy to cut apart, study of the structure of the body
physiology study of growth; function of the body
pathology study of disease
biopsy process of viewing living tissue
buccal pertaining to the cheek
cephalic pertaining to teh head
cervical pertaining to the neck
cranial pertaining to the skull
facial pertaining to the face
frontal pertaining to the front, forhead
mental pertaining to the chin
nasal pertaining to the nose
ocular pertaining to the eye
oral pertaining to the mouth
otic pertaining to the ear
abdominal pertaining to the abdomen
axillary pertaining to the armpit
coxal pertaining to the hip
inguinal pertaining to the groin
mammary pertaining to the breast
pelvic pertaining to the pelvis
pubic pertaining to the pubis
sternal pertaining to the breastbone (sternum)
thoracic pertaining to the chest
umbilical pertaining to the umbilicus
antecubital pertaining to the front of the elbow
brachial pertaining to the arm
carpal pertaining to the wrist
crural pertaining to the leg
digital pertaining to the finger/toe
femoral pertaining to the thigh
manual pertaining to the hand
palmar pertaining to the palm
patellar pertaining to the kneecap
pedal pertaining to the foot
plantar pertaining to the sole of the foot
tarsal pertaining to the ankle
acromial pertaining to the acromion
dorsal pertaining to the back
gluteal pertaining to the buttocks
lumbar pertaining to the lower back
olecranal pertaining to the elbow
popliteal pertaining to the back of the knee
sacral pertaining to the sacrum
sural pertaining to the calf
vertebral pertaining to the spine
anterior pertaining to the front
posterior pertaining to the back
dorsal pertaining to the back of body
superior pertaining to upward
cephalad pertaining toward the head
inferior pertaining to downward
caudad toward the tail
medial pertaining to the middle
lateral pertaining to the side
ipsilateral pertaining to the same side
contralateral pertaining to the opposite side
unilateral pertaining to one side
bilateral pertaining to two sides
superficial on the surface of the body
deep away from the surface of the body
proximal pertaining to near the origin
distal pertaining to far from the origin
dextrad toward the right
sinistrad toward the left
afferent pertaining to carrying toward a structure
efferent pertaining to carrying away from a structure
supine lying on one's back
prone lying on one's belly
dors/o dorsal
ventr/o ventral
crani/o cranial
spin/o spinal
thorac/o thoracic
stern/o sternum
vertebr/o vertebrae
mediastin/o mediastinum
pleur/o pleural
abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o abdomen
diaphragmat/o, diaphragm/o, phren/o diaphragm
peritone/o peritoneum
pelv/o, pelv/i pelvis
cranial cavity contains brain and protected by cranium (skull) (Dorsal)
spinal cavity contains spinal cord, spine (dorsal)
thoracic cavity contains heart and lungs (ventral)
abdominal cavity contains stomach, liver and intestines (ventral)
pelvic cavity contains bladder and reproductive organs (ventral)
LUQ Left upper quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
LLQ left lower quadrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
Created by: Grange