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H&W exam 3

pregnancy, stds

What is the average age of first sexual intercourse? female-17.2 years male-16.6 years
Young adults are marrying earlier than they used to. T or F? False
What are the reproductive organs called for both men and women? Gonads
A woman's gonads are called what? ovaries
A man's gonads are called what? testes
What are the germ cells for men and women? female-ova male-sperm
What are the sex hormones called? female-estrogen and progesterone male-testosterone
XX indicates what sex of the baby? female
What are the four phases of menstruation? menses:days 1-8 estrogen:days 6-13 ovulation:day 14 progestational:days15-28
Sperm carries what chromosome? X or Y
In what phase of menstruation is the egg released? ovulation
List, in order of severity, the stages of menstrual problems. premenstrual tension, premenstrual syndrome, premenstrual dysphoric disorder
Exercise can reduce menstrual symptoms. T or F? True
How old are most males when they begin to mature? 10 or 11 years old
What happens to the ovaries after menopause? they cease functioning
What is the disease called in which the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus? endometriosis
Pelvis Inflammatry Disease (PID) is what? uterine or ovarian infection caused by microorganisms
Everything you do in your life that expresses your maleness or femaleness to others is your gender role. T or F? False it is your gender role
What are the seven major STDs? HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, HPV
Bacterial diseases stick with you for life. T or F? False. Bacterial diseases can be cured with antibiotics
What percent of college students have an STD? 25%, 1 in 4
What age group does the majority of STDs occur in? 60% occur in 15-24 years old
HIV attacks and invades what kind of cells? CD4 T-cells, monocytes and macrophages
Worldwide what is the leading cause of death for people ages 15-59? AIDS
How many people are infected with HIV worldwide? 65 million
HIV can be transmitted from mother to child. T or F? true
What is the leading cause of HIV infection? men on men sex (MSM)
Pneumocystis pneumonia is what? fungal infection caused by HIV
What happens to the immune system as HIV progresses? your immune system weakens and the body can no longer fight of desease
HIV symptoms appear immediately. T or F? False, a person can live many years without developing AIDs or any symptoms of HIV infection
What STDs are bacterial? chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis
What is the most prevalent bacterial STD in the U.S.? chlamydia
Ectopic pregnancy is caused by what STD? chlamydia
What are the 3 phases of syphilis? primary, secondary, and late or tertiary
The "drip" or "clap" is what STD? gonorrhea
Gonorrhea causes painful urination as well as what in males? thick yellow/white discharge
What is the most common STD in the U.S.? HPV
HPV causes what? genital warts/cancers
What is the vaccination for HPV called? Gardasil
What are some symptoms of HPV? bumps on skin or large warty growths, cauliflower-like mass, irritation or bleeding
What are the three treatment procedures for HPV warts? cryosurgery (freezing), electrocautery (burning),laser surgery
Approximately how many adults in the U.S. have genital herpes? 1 in 5
HSV1 (Type 1) is what kind of herpes? oral-labial, cold sores and fever blisters
HSV2 (Type2) is almost always transmitted how? sexually
What percent of adults have antibodies to HSV1 and HSV2? HSV1-50-80% HSV2-22%
80% of people have no symptoms of herpes. T or F? False. 90%
Outbreaks of herpes are predictable. T or F? False
Hepatitis B is inflammation of what organ? liver
Is Hep B contagious? yes highly
Hepatitis B is transmitted how? through bodily fluids
What are the symptoms of Hep B? flulike symptoms, nausea, vomiting, dark-colored urine, abdominal pain, and jaundice(yellowing of skin)
What is the leading cause of infertility in young women? Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
If a woman is have a long and heavy period, discharge, spotting, low abdominal pain, fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting, she is likely to have? PID
What is the most common curable STD among young women? Trichomoniasis
What is the average cost to raise a child to 18 years of age? $250,000
How many babies are born each year in the U.S.? 4.1 million
What is the percentage of unplanned pregnancies? 50%
What is the average age of first time mothers? 25.1 years
A fertilized egg is called what? Zygote
How long after the cell is fertilized does it undergo cell division? immediately
What is a hollow ball of 32-128 cells that attach to the uterine wall called? Blastocyte
2-8 weeks after the egg is fertilized is called? Embryo
When is it considered a fetus? after week 8
How long will an egg stay in the woman's body after ovulation before it disintegrates if not fertilized? 24 hours
When is a woman most fertile? 5 days before ovulation to 1-2 days after
How many days does it take for the egg to travel through the fallopian tube to the uterus? 3-4 days
What percent of people in the U.S. is infertile? 15%
Blastocytes attach to the uterine wall in how many days? 6 or 7
Inner cells and outer cells begin to form at what stage in what trimester? embryo stage first trimester
About how big will the fetus be in the second trimester? 14 inches, 2lbs
The body systems start to operate and a heartbeat can be heard in early stages of the third trimester. T or F? False. second semester
The major changes in the fetus that occurs in the third trimester is what? fetus gains most of its body weight, protective fat layers
In the third trimester a mother is likely to have deficient levels of what? iron and calcium
When an embryo develops outside the uterus, it is called what? ectopic pregnancy
Preeclampsia can lead to what? eclampsia (seizures)
The treatment for preeclampsia is? bed rest and monitoring
Labor usually lasts how long? 2-36 hours
First stage of labor lasts until what? the cervix is completely dilated (10 centimeters)
The mother needs to do what in expulsion, or second stage of labor? push!
What happens in the third stage of labor? the placenta is delivered
What do doctors do to test the baby and determine its wellness? apgar scale
What percent of mothers breastfeed? just over 70%
1/4 of mother have a c-section delivery. T or F? False about 1/3 or 29%
Created by: ccpieper