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Red Cross Review

CPR, First Aid Review

QuestionAnswer
What is Shock? A condition in which the circulatory system fails to deliver oxygen-rich blood to the body's tissues and vital organs.
Step 1 of checking a conscious or unconsious person Check Scene, then check person.
How would you help clear a blocked airway of a conscious adult or child? A combination of 5 back blows followed by 5 abdmonial thrusts
How would you help a conscious choking infant? 5 back blows and 5 chest thrusts. When giving chest thrusts use two fingers.
How long should each rescue breath be for an unconsious adult, child or infant that needs rescue breathing? 1 second.
For children and infants that need rescue breathing, how often should a breath be delieverd? 1 rescue breath every 3 seconds.
For a child in need of rescue breathing, should you pinch their nose shut when delievering rescue breaths? Yes.
Should you seal your mouth over an infants mouth and nose if the infant is in need of rescue breathing? Yes.
For an unconscious choking adult or child, how far should you compress the person's chest? About 2 inches.
For an unconscious choking infant, how far should you compress the infant's chest? 1/2 to 1 inch deep using two fingers.
How many compressions should be given to an unconscious choking infant? 30 compressions.
After doing compressions on an unconscious choking infant, what should you do next? Look for an object, if you find one remove it with a smaller finger.
Should you give rescue breaths to an unconscious choking infant? If so, how many and when? Yes, 2 rescue breaths after compressions and a check for an object.
Do you check for a lodged object in the throat of an unconscious chocking adult and child? If so, when? Yes. After chest compressions.
Where should the AED pads be placed on an adult's bare chest? One on the upper right chest and the other pad on the lower left side.
Where should the AED pads be placed on a child's bare chest? One on the upper right chest and the other pad on the back of the child.
What are the four main types of open wounds? Abrasions, Lacerations, Avulsions and punctures.
When caring for a burn, what should you do? Cool the burn with large amounts of cold running water then cover the burn loosely with a sterile bandage.
What are the characterisitics of a superficial (first degree) burn? Skin is red and dry
What are the characteristics of a partial thickness (second degree) burn? Skin is red, usually painful; has blisters that may open and weep clear fluid, making the skin appear wet; may appear mottled and often swells.
What are the characterisitics of a full thickness (third degree) burn? Skin may be brown or black (charred) with the tissue underneath sometimes appearing white and can either be extremely painful or relativiely painless.
If there is an embedded object in the body, what should you do? Do not remove it. Place several dressings around it to keep it from moving. Bandage the dressings in place around the object.
After applying any bandage what should you do? Check the area above or below the injury site for feeling, warmth and color.
What is a fracture? A complete break , a chip or a crack in a bone.
What are some examples of a soft splint? Folded blanket, towel, pillow.
What are some examples of a rigid splint? Boards, folded newspapers, metal strips.
When applying a soft splint where should it be placed? Above and below the injured body part.
When applying a rigid splint, where should it be placed? Under the injured body part and the joints that are above and below the injured body part.
What are Bloodborne Pathogens? Bacteria and Viruses present in blood and body fluids that can cause disease in humans.
Which diseases are of primary concern? HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C
Created by: Errrin91