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CH. 10

Nutrition The process by which your body takes in and uses food.
Nutrients Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy.
Calorie Is a unit of heat used to measure the energy your body uses and the energy it receives from food.
Hunger The natural physical drive to eat, prompted by the body's need for food.
Appetite Is the psychological desire for food.
Carbohydrates Starches and sugars found in foods, which provide your body's main source of energy.
Fiber A tough complex carbohydrate that the body connot digest
Proteins Nutrients the body uses to build and maintain its cells and tissues.
Cholesterol A waxy, fatlike substance.
Vitamins Compounds found in food that help regulate many body processes.
Minerals Elements found in food that are used by the body.
Osteoporosis Condition in which the bones become fragile and break easily.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans A set of recommendations about smart eating and physical activity for all Americans
MyPyramid An interactive guide to healthful eating and active living.
Nutrient-dense High ratio of nutrients to calories.
Food Additives Substances added to a food to produce a desired effect.
Foodborne Illness Food poisoning
Pasteurization Treating a substance with heat to kill or slow the growth of pathogens.
Cross-Contamination The spreading of pathogens from one food to another.
Food Allergy A condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods.
Food Intolerance A negative reaction to food that doesn't involve the immune system.
Created by: emiller90