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Chapter 4 Body Term

Whole Body Term

ventral pertaining to the front; belly side
umbilicus belly button; navel
umbilical region region of abdomen located in the middle section of abdomen
transverse plane dividing into superior & inferior portions
tissue group of cells
thoracic cavity chest cavity -lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus, & trachea
supine lying horizontally on back faceup
supination movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward
superior above or upward toward the head
superficial pertaining to the surface of the body
smooth muscle muscle found in the walls of the hollow internal organs
skeletal muscle muscle that is attracted to bone
sacrum singular triangular shaped bone
proximal toward/nearest to the trunk of the body
prone lying facedown on the abdomen
posterior pertaining to the back of the body
plantar pertaining to the sole or bottom of the foot
plane imaginary slices (cuts) made through the body
peritoneum specific serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body
pelvic cavity lower front cavity of the body - urinary bladder & reproductive organs
nucleus central controlling body within a living cell
nervous tissue tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body
neoplasia new & ABNORMAL development of cells that may be benign or malignant
navel umbilicus; belly button
muscle tissue tissue capable of producing movement of parts and organs
mitochondria cell organs - provide energy
midline of the body body is divided into equal right/left halves -medial/lateral
mediolateral pertaining to the middle & side of a structure
medial toward the midline of the body
McBurney's Point point of the right side of the abdomen about two thirds of the distance between umbilicus -appendix
lumbar region right & left regions of the middle section of the abdomen
lateral toward the side of body
inguinal region right and left regions of the lower section of abdomen
inferior below or downward toward the tail/feet
hypoplasia incomplete/under developed organ or tissue
hypogastric region lower abdomen beneath the umbilical region
hyperplasia increase in the # of cells of a body part
histologist specializes in study of tissues
genes segmetns of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics
frontal plane vertical body passing through from head to the feet - front & back portions (anterior/posterior)
epithelial tissue tissue that covers the internal & external organs of the body
epigastric region upper section of abdomen
dysplasia abnormal development of tissues or organs
dorsal pertaining to the back
distal away from or farthest from the trunk of the body
cytology study of cells
cranial cavity cavity that contains the brain -dorsal
cranial pertaining to the skull or cranium
connective tissue tissue that supports & binds other body tissue & parts
coccyx tailbone
chromosomes threadlike structures within the nucleus that control function of growth, repair, & reproduction for the body
cervical vertebrae C1 through C7 -neck
cell membrane semipermeable barrier that is the outer coverage of a cell
cell smallest & most numerous structural unit of living matter
caudal pertaining to the tail
cardiac muscle muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart
aplasia developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue
anterior pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly button
anatomical position standard reference position for the body as a whole -arms at side palms up
anaplasia change in structure & orientation of cells
abdominal cavity cavity beneath the thoracic cavity -contains liver, gallbladders, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines, & kidneys
Created by: asmaba08