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Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): Recommended intake levels of essential nutrients for optimal health
Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA): Represents the average daily amount of any one nutrient to protect against nutritional deficiency
Daily Values Standards used on food labels to indicate how a particular food contributes to the recommended daily intake of major nutrients in a 2,000-calorie diet
Essential nutrients chemical substances used by the body to build, maintain, and repair tissues and regulate body processes
Macronutrients Carbs,protein,fats water (needs in large amounts)
Micronutrients needs in small amounts, vitamins and minerals.
Carbs 45-65% daily energy intake
Simple carbs Sugars
Complex carbs starches
Fiber Allows for passage of food quickly through the intestines helping to maintain gastrointestinal health.
Name 3 goods things about fats Stored energy, provide materials for myelin sheath, serves as insulator
What are the 4 types of fat? Cholesterol, unsaturated fat, saturated fats, trans fat
Saturated fat the predominant fats in animal products and other fats that remain solid at room temperature
name the two types of unsaturated fats Monosaturate which stay liquid at room temperature and Polyunsaturated fats stay liquid at refrigerated temperatures.
Define vitamin Naturally occurring organic micronutrients that aid chemical reactions in the body and help maintain healthy body systems
Define Minerals Naturally occurring inorganic micronutrients that contribute to proper functioning of the body
how many essential minerals does the body need? 20
define Phytochemicals Substances naturally produced by plants to protect themselves against viruses, bacteria, and fungi and that provide health benefits in the human body Such as antioxidants
Created by: avilj0