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cardiovascular-HED

QuestionAnswer
atherosclerosis hardening of the arteries; occurs when fats build up in the walls
angina chest pain or discomfort wen heart muscle does not get enough blood
arrhythmia problem with rate or rhythm of heartbeat
CHF heart can no longer pump enough blood to the rest of the body
congenital heart disease CHD problem with hearts structurea nd function due to abn heart development
rheumatic HD permanent damage to heart valve is caused by rheumatic fever
stoke interruption of blood supply to any part of the brain
coronary vessels supply the muscles of the heart itself
heart attack occurs wen blood flow to part of the heart is blokced for a long enough time that part of heart muscle is damaged or dies
thrombus solid mass of platelets and/or fibirin that from locally in a vessel
cholesterol waxy, fat-like substance made in liver and other cells
LDL "bad" cholesterol, cause buildup of plaque on walls of arteries increase in LDL increase HD
HDL "good" cholesterol, helps the body get rid of bad cholesterol in blood higher HDL the better
triglycerides fat carried in blood by VLDL
hyperlipidemia means high lipid levels; High cholesterol and triglycerides
embolism blockage in one of the arteries of the body due to a blood lot that has broken off
metabolic syndrome group of risk factors that raise risk for HD
aneurysm ballon-like bulge in an artery
C reactive protein produced by liver; CRP level rises wen inflammation is in the body
arteries (blood vessel) transport O2 blood away from the L side of the heart
veins (blood vessel) transport used blood from all over the body back to heart and lungs
capillaries exchange poitns where the nutrients cross into the tissue cells rom arterioles
RBC rich in hemoglobin(protein bind to O2) recover CO2 produced waste
WBC bodys defense system move in and out of bloodstream to reach affected tissue
platelets stop the loss of blood from wounds
placque semi-hardened accumulation of substance from fluids that bathe an area
edema swelling caused by fluid in ur bodys tissues
pacemaker device placed in chest or abdomen to help control abn heart rhythms
right atrium push de-oxygenated blood into r ventricle
left atrium push O2 rich blood into the l ventricle
right ventricle push de-xygenated blood into the lungs via the pulmonary trunk
left ventricle push O2 rich blood to entire body via the aorta supplies the myocardium itself via the coronary arteries
atria squeexe blood past IV valves into ventricle
ventricles squeeze blood into lungs and around the entire body
Created by: xnyzlatinangelx