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OSU Med. Terminology

Medical Terminology Roots & Meanings

QuestionAnswer
nephro kidney
glomerulo nephron part, little ball
cysto bladder
creatinine a waste material in urine
tracheo trachea, windpipe
rhin nose
adeno gland
calculi stone
cele tumor, cyst, hernia
cyto cell
glyco sweet, sugar
homeo, homo same, similar, like
lingua tongue
lip fat
lith stone
madaro falling hair
psych mind
pyo pus
radi rays
thermic heat
arthro joint
carpo wrist
chondro cartilage
costa rib
cranio skull
dactyl finger
ili hip
manus hand
myel marrow, bone marrow
myo muscle
ortho straighten
osteo bone
pedi foot
spondyl vertebra
cutis skin
dent teeth
derma skin
hapsia touch
odont teeth
onco tumor
onychia nail beds
pedicular lice
prurigo itching
psora itch
sarco flesh
sclero hard
squama scaly
tricho hair
chole bile, gallbladder
colon colon, large intestine
emesis vomiting
entero intestine
gastro stomach
glosso tongue
hepat liver
ile ileum
laparo abdomen
myxo mucus
procto anus, rectum
pyloro pylorus, gatekeeper
stoma opening, mouth
viscero body organs
angio vessel
aortal aorta, main artery
arterio artery
cardio heart
emboli vessel obstruction
emia blood
hema, hemo blood
phleb vein
thrombo blood clot
varico twisted veins, varicose veins
vaso blood vessel
vena vein
ventricu heart cavity
broncho bronchi, airway
cili hairlike processes
ectasis expansion
laryngo larynx, voicebox
naso nose
oro mouth
oxy oxygen, keen
pector breast, chest
pleura rib side
pneumo lung
ptysis to spit
pulmo lungs
peritoneo lining of abdominal organs
pyelo pelvis
reni kidney
uretero ureter
urethro urethra
uri urine
uric pertaining to urine
urina urine
uro urine
bulbo bulblike; bulbourethral gland
cervi neck, uterus
galacto milk
genito reproductive system
hyster uterus
lactin milk
mast breast
metr uterus
natal born
oophoro ovary
orchido testicle
ova, ovi, ovo egg
salping tube, fallopian
sperma, spermato seed
vas duct, vessel
audio sound
cerebro brain
encephalo brain
esthesia sensation
medulla brain middle
meningo membranes, spinal cord
neuro nerves
occiput back of skull
oculo eye
ophthalmo eye
oto ear
parietes parietel, wall part
pons bridges
tempora temporal
atria atrium, auricle, heart chamber
ab away from
ad toward
algia pain
ante before
anti against
bi two, double
brady slow
circum around
co, con together
de down or away from
desis binding; fixation of
dia through
dys difficult; abnormal
ecto outside
ectomy excision
endo within
epi outer, on top of, over
exo away from
extra outside, beyond
ferro iron
fore before
form shape of
graphy writing, record
hemi half
hydra, hydro water
hyper above
hypo below
iasis condition of`
iatric medicine
ic pertaining to
inter between
intra within
isis, asis condition of
itis inflammation of
juxta near
kinesis movement
kypho humped
logia, logy science of; study of
lysis disintegration
macro large, long
malacia softening
med, medi, medio middle
mega, megaly enlargement
micro small
mono single, one
multi many
neo new
ob against
oid like, shape, resemble
oligo few
ology study of
oma tumor
osis condition
otomy incision
pachy thick
para near, departure from the norm
path disease
penia deficiency
peri around
pexy fixation, suspension
phobia fear of
phoresis transmission
plasty plastic surgical correction
plegia paralysis, stroke
poly many
post after
pre before
pro in front of; on behalf of
pseudo false
ptosis falling
re back, again
retro backward
rrhaphy suture
rhexis rupture
scopy exam
semi half
sphygmo pulse
sub below
super, supra above
sym, syn together
tachy swift, fast
tele distance
toxo toxic, poison
trans across
tri three
ultra above
uni one
xeno foreign
xero dry
Created by: beckgriss