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Animal Nutrition #1


Fats Solid at room temperature
Lipids/Oils Liquid at room temperature
Simple Lipids Fats, Oils, and Waxes
Saturated Fats No double bonds
Unsaturated Fats One or more double bonds
Lipid Soluble Vitamins A, D, E and K
Signs of fatty acid deficiency Dull haircoat, anemia, and hepatic lipidosis
Essential Fatty acids Linolenic acid, Alpha Linolenic Acid, and Arachidonic acid
Kidney Filters toxins from the bloodstream
Ketosis Excessive breakdown of fatty acids
Ketone bodies by-product of ketosis
Normal blood pH range 7.35-7.45
Acidosis pH below 7.35
Alkalosis pH above 7.45
Nutrient any food that helps to support live
Digestible proportion of nutrients AVAILABLE for absorbtion
Bioavailable proportion of nutrients ABSORBED in a form that the body can use it
Balanced nutrients provide: Heat, Energy for internal work, energy for minimal movement, and tissue repair
External maintenance requirements activity, weather, health, and stress
Internal maintenance requirements body size, age, temperament, productivity, Lactation
Energy Producing Nutrients Protein, Carbohydrates, and lipids
Non-energy Producing Nutrients Water, minerals, and vitamins
Large Intestine Water processing plant of the body
Small intestine Nutrient processing plant of the body
1g of carb = 4 calories of energy
Carb functions Energy, Heat, Building blocks, and storage
Monosaccharides Glucose, ribose, galactose, and fructose
Disaccharides sucrose, maltose, and lactose
Causes blindness in cats Lack of taurine
Non-essential amino acids What the body synthasizes
Essential amino acids Are not synthasized in the body and must be supplemented
Biologic Value Percentage of a nutrient USED
Protein Functions regulation of metabolism, cell membrane constriction, tissue growth/repair, and formation of muscle fibers
Edema Fluid accumulation in the tissues that causes swelling
Glycogen produced by the liver
Signs of protein deficiency decreased muscle mass, weight loss, dull hair coat, alopecia, anorexia, poor mentation, edema and death
Crude Protein Amount of nitrogen in a protein
Gluconeogenesis Formation of glucose with the body
Catabolism Breaking down in living organisms
Anabolism Synthesis of complex substances from simple ones
Created by: fadedfaithless