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Where, Why and What?

Veterinary Medical Terminology Chapter 2

Ventral Towards the Belly
Dorsal Towards the Back
Cranial Towards the Head
Caudal Towards the Tail
Anterior Front of the Body
Posterior Rear of the Body
Rostral Towards the Nose
Cephalic Pertaining to the Head
Medial Towards the Midline
Lateral Away from the Midline
Proximal Nearest the Trunk
Distal Further from the Trunk
Superficial Towards the Surface, External
Deep Away from the Surface, Internal
Palmar Caudal surface of the front paw including the carpus.
Plantar Caudal surface of the rear paw including the tarsus.
Midsagittal Plane or Median Plane Plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves.
Sagittal Plane Divides the body into unequal right and left halves.
Dorsal Plane Divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts.
Transverse Plane Divides the body into cranial and caudal parts.
-logy Study of.
Anatomy The study of structure.
Physiology The study of body functions.
Pathophysiology Study of changes in function due to disease.
Etiology Study of disease.
Dental Arcade Used to describe how teeth are arranged inside the mouth.
Lingual Surface Aspect of the tooth that faces the tongue.
Palatal Surface Surface of the tooth that faces the hard palate.
Buccal Surface Surface of the tooth that faces the cheek.
Vestibular Surface Surface of the tooth that faces the cheek.
Labial Surface Surface of the tooth that faces the lips.
Occlusal Surface Surfaces of the teeth that meet when chewing.
Mesial Surface Surface of the tooth that faces towards the midline of the dental arcade.
Distal Surface Surface of the tooth that faces Distally from the midline of the dental arcade.
Cavity Hole, Hollow Space
Cranial Cavity Space in the skull that holds the brain.
Spinal Cavity Space in the spinal column that holds the spinal cord.
Thoracic Cavity or Chest Cavity Hollow space that holds the heart and lungs within the ribs.
Abdominal Cavity or Peritoneal Cavity Hollow space that holds the major organs of digestion located between the diaphragm and the pelvic cavity.
Pelvic Cavity Hollow space that holds the reproductive organs and some excretory system organs.
The Groin or Inguinal Area The lower area of the abdomen adjacent to the thigh.
Membranes Thin layers of tissue that line a cavity, or divide a space or organ.
Peritoneum The membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavity.
Parietal Peritoneum Outer layer of the peritoneum that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities.
Visceral Peritoneum Inner layer of the peritoneum that lines the organs.
Peritonitis Inflammation of the peritoneum.
Umbilicus or Naval Pit in the abdominal wall making the point where the umbilical cord entered the fetus.
Mesentery The layer of the peritoneum that suspends parts of the intestine in the abdominal cavity.
Retroperitoneal Superficial to the peritoneum.
Created by: 320100273



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