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Growth-Development

MT II

QuestionAnswer
Wellness The best possible state of health.
Developmental milestones Significant points in the growth process.
Intellectual-cognitive development Refers to the thinking skills a person develops during a particular period of growth and development.
Psycho-emotional development Refers to the changes in feelings a person is likely to experience during a particular period.
Social development Refers to the way in which a person relates to theose around them, such as family, friends, and business associates.
Physical development Refers to the actual bodily chages observed on a person during a particular period of growth.
Cephalocaudal development The development of the fetus in the uterus in a head-to-tail manner.
Embryo Refers to the human being growing in the uterus from the time of conception to about the 8th week.
Fetus Refers to the human being growing in the uterus from the end of the 8th week until birth.
Genes Units of hereditary material contained in a person's cells.
Trimester Is about 3 months.
Conception Occurs when one sperm, traveling with millions of other sperm, penetrates the ovum iun the outer one-third of the fallopian tube.
Fallopian tube The tube that extends form the uterus to the ovary.
Fertilization The penetration of an ovum by a sperm.
Zygote A fertilized ovum.
Morula Cells created by the joining of the ovum and sperm after 3-5 days that look like a cluster of grapes.
Implantation When the morula buries itself into the uppre rear wall of the uterus.
Amniotic sac A membrane that surrounds the fetus.
Full term 30-40 weeks after conception.
Neonate An infant from birth to one month of age.
Fontanels Soft-spots found on the head of an infant.
Vernix caseosa A white waxy substance that protected the skin while in the uterus.
Lanugo Soft, downy hair found on infants.
Milia Little white bumps around the nose and chin of an infant.
Protective reflex Yawning, coughing, sneezing, blinking, and withdrawing from pain.
Grasping reflex When an object is placed in the palm of the infant's hand and the infant graps tightly.
Rooting reflex When the infant's cheek is stroked with a finger or a nipple, the infant will turn his head toward that side and open his mouth to suck.
Sucking reflex When something is placed in the infant's mouth or touches their lips, the infant begins sucking.
Babinski reflex A fanning or hyperextension of the infant's toes by stroking tghe lateral aspect of the sole from the heel to the toes.
Tonic neck Also known as the fencer position. Infant placed in the supine position with his head turned to one side, the extremities of the same side will straighten and the opposite side will flex.
Moro reflex Known as the startle reflex. It occurs when sudden movement or sound suprises the newborn.
Stepping reflex When an infant is held in an upright postion and one foot is placed on a flat surface, the infant will put one foot in front of the other.
Maslow's Hierachy of Human Needs Human needs are placed in a hierarcy, or rated, according to their imporatnce to human life.
Physiological needs Are the most basic,such as air, food, water.
Safety and Security needs Second in importance in the hierarchy and include protection, structure, and limits.
Love and belonging needs Third in importance and involve the need for friends, spouses, children and community.
Esteem needs More complex level than the previous three and includes respect and recognition.
Self-actualization The highest-ranked needs that concern the continous need "to be akk you can be."
Infant One month to one year.
Toddler Ages 1 to 3.
Preschooler Ages 3 to 5.
Elementary school child Ages 6 to 10.
Middle school child Ages 11 to 13.
Adolescent Ages 14 to 19.
Young Adult Ages 20 to 40.
Mature Adult Ages 65 and older.
Middle-aged adult Ages 40 to 65.
Permanent teeth A group of 32 teeth that do not shed.
Deciduous teeth or baby teeth A group of 20 teeth that shed and make room for permanent teeth.
Suicide The thrid leading cause of death for people ages 15 to 24.
Anorexia nervosa Eating disorder where the person essentially starves themself.
Bulimia Eating disorder with a pattern of binge eating and purging.
Purging Done by vomiting, taking excessive doses of laxative to evacuate the intestines, abusing diuretics, or doing excessive exercise.
Substance abuse Experimentation and risk taking by using alcohol, marijuana, controlled drugs, cocaine and herion.
Bullying Browbeating or abusing.
Presbyopia Farsightededness.
Myopia Nearsightedness.
Meonopause The end of mensturation.
Osteoporosis Decreased bone density.
Kyphosis Curvature of the spine; covex backwards.
Created by: sandra.whiteside