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Fundamentals Of Body

Test #1

Heparinprevents coagulation
Emboulus floating clots
Thrombolysis or Thrombolytic break up or destruction of clots
Thrombocytopenia deficiency of platelets
Thrombocytosis an abnormal condition of excessive platelets
A bleeding time test to determine a persons ability to coagulate
INR test to determine a persons ability to coagulate
Coagulation panel (profile) consists of.. -INR - prothrombin (pt) - platelet count -bleeding time
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
DIC causes the coagulation process to collapse, followed by hypovolemic shock (exsanguination) & death
Plasma is made up of.. water, plasma proteins, salts, gases, nutrients, nitgrogenous waste, hormone, minerals / vitamins
Albumin A plasma protein neccessary for fluid blanance
2 plasma proteins thay play a vital role in coagulation are.. Fibrinogen & Prothrombin ( pt )
Plasmapheresis separation of the plasma from blood cell
FFP Fresh Frozen Plasma
Cryoprecipitates refers to.. FFP w/ clotting factors
Bone Marrow biopsy (Bx) test commonly used to determine cancers of the blood
Myelogenic pertaining to created by the bone marrow
Dycrasia any bllod abnormality
Morphology the study of shapes
Hemostasis stoppage or controlling of bleeding
ESR " sed rate" erythrocyte sedimentation rate
Elevated ESR indicates.. inflammation
A differential "diff" is an.. individual count of the different types of leukocytes
Type & Crossmatch (screen) (T&CM) determining blood type & compatibility w/ other blood types
PRBC's packed red blood cells
Lipid panel 1) Total Cholesterol 2)HDL (high density lipoproteins)"good cholesterol" 3) Triglycerides 4)LDL (low density lipoproteins)
Total Cholesterol should be.. Triglycerides should be.. < 200
HDL ( high density lipoproteins) should be.. >60
LDL ( low density lipoproteins) should be.. <100
Transport enzymes to body cells in order to.. regulate chemical processes & reactions
Dissipates excess body heat through dialated blood vessels in the skin
Transports leukocytes & antibodies to defend against pathogens
Erythrocytes live approximately 120 days
Anticoagulant against coagulations
Plasma is liquid portion of the blood
Blood is neccessary to: transport nutiruents & H2O from digestive tract to all cells of body
Nutrients included from digestive tract vitamins & minerals are used for chemical processes & reactions
Carbohydrates used for energy
Proteins used for growth & repair
Fats are used for vitamin absorption & cell wall creation
Transport waste products from teh body's cells to. the lungs, sweat glands, & kidneys for excretion
Transport hormones from endocrine glands to.. target cells & organs in the body
transport enzymes to body cells in order to regulate chemical processes and reactions
Dissipates excess body heat through dilated blood vessels
transport leukocytes & antibodies to defend the body against.. pathogens
helps regulate body pH by transporting buffers & amino acids
Normal blood pH 7.35-7.45
Blood pH below 7.35 is concidered.. acidotic ( acidosis )
Blood pH above 7.45 is concidered.. Alkalitic ( alkaline, alkalosis or "basic: )
Whole blood (WB) is made up of.. 1. Erythrocytes (RBC) 2. Leukocytes (WBC) 3. Thrombocytes ( clot cells or platelets)
Erythrocytes (RBC) are responsible for.. Respiration ( biconcave discs hold H2O)
Erythrocytes do not have.. a nucleus or ability to duplicate
Erythropoieses Formation of Erythrocytes occurs in Red bone marrow AKA myeloid tissue
Hemolysis Break up or destruction of RBCs
Bilirubin dead, broken up Erythrocytes
Hyperbilirubinemia can be caused by.. liver, gallbladder, or pancreatic dysfunction
Hemoglobin protien inside RBCs neccessary for RBC to carry O2 & CO2
Normal Hemoglobin range is 12 - 17 g/dl
Element neccessary for healthy hemoglobin Iron ( FE )
Hematocrit "crit" measure of the packed cell volume (PCV)
Hyperbilirubinemia blood consition of excessive bilirubin -causes jaundice or icterus
PCV (packed cell volume) % of blood attributed to erythrocytes
H & H Hemoglobin (HgB) & Hematocrit (Hct or "crit)
Anemia Erythrocytopenia &/or defiiency of hemoglobin
Leukocytes are part of your immune response against foreign proteins
Erythropoietin hormone produced by the kidneys
A normal leukocyte count is.. 5,000 - 11,000
Leukocytosis elevated leukoctye count
Leukopoieses formation of leukocytes ( in red bone marrow)
Thrombocytes needed for.. proper coagulation
A normal thrombocyte count is.. 150,000 - 300,000
Hemophilia genetic coagulopathy caused by a deficiency of clotting factor
Jugulars drain CO2 blood from the.. head
Saphenous vein drains blood from the legs (used for CABG)
Median cubital commin to perform phlebotomy
Carotid delivers O2 Blood to the.. Brain
A Normal Erythrocyte count is.. 4-6 million/mm3
Coronary delivers O2 blood to the.. Heart
Subclavian deliver O2 blood to the.. arms and Superior thorax
Phrenic deliver O2 blood to the.. Diaphragm
Abdominal aorta. Bifurcates into the iliac arteries
Iliac deliver O2 blood to the Pelvis and superior thighs
Femoral Arteries O2 blood to the Legs
C-reactive protien (CRP) indicator of heart disease
Azygous vein drains blood from the thorax
CPK-MB isoenzymes determine cardiac damage
CPK + LDH muscle damage
Erythropoietin hormone produced by the kidneys neccessary for RBC development
Chordae Tendineae strands of tendon that anchor bicuspid & tricuspid prevent prolapse
Carotid Arteries O2 blood to brain
Coronary Arteries O2 heart muscle
Subclavian Arteries O2 Arms & Superior Thorax
Mesenteric Arteries O2 intestines
Phrenic arteries O2 diaphragm
Diaphragm main muscle of ventilation
2 components make up the heart pumping 1) Electrical impulse that stimulates the heat to beat 2) Mechanical beat in response to electrical stimuli result = pump of blood
Arrhythmia AKA Dysrhythmia abnormal heart rhythm
Elecocardiography study of Arrhythmias
Artifact Electrocardiography intereference
Created by: kpink0211