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Med. Terminology

Chapter 2 Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Forms

QuestionAnswer
-algia -dynia pain
-genesis origin or production
-lysis breaking down or dissolution
-megaly enlargement
-oid resembling
-penia abnormal reduction
-rrhea discharge
-spasm involuntary contraction
-cele pouching or hernia
-ectasis expansion or dilation
-emia blood condition
-iasis formation or presence of
-itis inflammation
-malacia softening
-oma tumor
-osis condition or increase
-phil -philia attraction for
-ptosis falling or downward displacement
-rrhage -rrhagia to burst forth (usually blood)
-rrhexis rupture
-centesis puncture for aspiration
-desis binding
-ectomy excision or removal
-pexy suspension or fixation
-plasty surgical repair or reconstruction
-rraphy suture
-tomy incision
-stomy creation of an opening
-tripsy crushing
-e erythrocyte (a red blood cell) noun marker
-ia phobia -ism alcoholism condition of
-ium epigastrium structure upon the stomach; region in the abdomen structure or tissue
-ation starvation -y adenopathy process of gland disease condition or process of
-ac cardiac pertaining to the heart
-al pedal pertaining to the foot
-ar glandular pertaining to a gland
-ary pulmonary pertaining to the lung
-eal esophageal pertaining to the esophagus
-ic toxic pertaining to poison
-ous fibrous pertaining to fiber
-tic cyanotic pertaining to blue
-icle ventricle small belly or pouch
-ole bronchiole small airway
-ula macula small spot
-ule pustule small pimple
-gram sonogram(record of sound) record
-graph sonograph (instrument for recording sound) instrument for recording
-graphy sonography (process of recording sound) process of recording
-iatrics pediatrics (treatment of children) -iatry psychiatry (treatment of the mind) treatment
-logy cytology (study of cells) study of
-logist psychologist (one who specializes in the study and treatment of the mind) one who specializes in the study or treatment of
-ist pharmacist one who specializes in
-meter spirometer instrument for measuring
-metry spirometry process of measuring
-poiesis hemopoiesis (formation of blood) formation
-scope endoscope instrument for examination within
-scopy endoscopy examination within
-stasis hemostasis (stop blood) orthostasis (stand straight) stop or stand
Created by: bnjanak