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Health & Wellness_1

HS 101

QuestionAnswer
health the ever-changing procss of achieving individual potential in the phsyical, social, emotional, mental, spiritual, and environmental dimensions
wellness the achievement of the highest level of health possible in each of several dimensions
morbidity illness rates or the relative incidence of disease
mortality the proportion of deaths to the population
health and wellness (today) used interchangeably to mean the dynamic, ever-changing process of tryin to achieve one's potential in each of several interrelated dimensions which include physical, social, intellectual, environmental, emotional, and spiritual health
physical health characteristics such as body size and shape, sensory acuity and responsiveness, susceptibility to disease and disorders, body functionting, physical fitness, and recuperative abilities as well as the ability to perform normal activities of daily life
social health the ability to have satisfying interpersonal relationships, including interactions with others, adaptation to social situations, and appropriate daily behaviors in society
intellectual health the ability to think clearly, reason objectively, analyze critically, and use brain power effectively to meet life's challenges; learning from successes and mistakes and making responsible decisions that take into consideration all aspects of a situation
environmental health an appreciation of the external environment and the role individuals play to preserve, protect, and improve environmental conditions
emotional health th ability to express emotions when they are appropriate, controlling them when they are not, and avoiding expressing them inappropriately. Self-esteem, self-confidence, self-efficacy, trust, love, and many others are part of this
spiritual health subscribing to a way of life or a belief in a supreme being based on a particular religious doctrine or feeling of unity witha greater force and a guiding sense of meaning or value in all life
mental health the thinking part of psychosocial health; includes your values, attitudes, and beliefs
Healthy People 2000 a plan generated by the 1990 U.S. Surgeon general that outlined a series of long-term objectives
Healthy People 2010 the updated plan as of the new millenium - this is a nationwide program with two broad goals: (1) increase life span and quality of life and (2) eliminate health disparities - has 28 focus areas
healthy life expectancy the number of years a newborn can epect to live in full health, based on curret rates of illness and mortality and aso on the quality of their lives
Healthy People 2020 objectives that are exprected to have an even greater emphasis on diverse health needs and healthy disparities among selected populations and should be available soon
health disparities differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality and burden of diseases and other health conditions among specific population groups
health promotion the educational, organizational, procedural, environmental, social, and financial supports that help individuals and groups reduce negative health behaviors and promote positive change
risk behaviors actions that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes
sex the biological and physiological aspects that make an individual male or female
gender the socially accepted roles and attributes of being male or female
incidence the number of new cases
prevalence the number of existing cases
Certified Health Education Specialists (CHESs) Academically trained health educator who has passed a national competency examination for prevention and intervention programming
predisposing factors our life experiences, knowledge, cultural and ethnic heritage, and current beliefs and values (ex: age, sex, race, income, family background, educational background, and access to health care)
enabling factors skills and abilities; physical, emotional, and mental capabilities; community and government priorities and commitment to health; and safe and convenient resources and facilities that mae health decisions easy or difficult
reinforcing factors include the presence or absence of support, encouragement, or discouragement that significant people in your life bring to a situation; employer actions and poiicies; health provider costs and acces; community resources; and access to health education
belief appraisal of the relationship between some object, action or idea and some attribute of that object, action or idea
attitude relatively stable set of beliefs, feelings, and behavioral tendenciesin relation to something or someone
Health Belief Model (HBM) model for explaining how beliefs may influence health behaviors (developed by J. Rosenstock, psychologist)
self-efficacy an individual's belief that he or she is capable of achieving certain goals or of performing at a level that may influence events in life (belief in one's ability to perform a task successfully)
locus of control the "location," external (outside oneself) or internal (within oneself), an individual perceives as the source and underlying cause of events in hir or her life (can vary with the situation)
motivation must be combined with common sense,commitment, and a realistic understanding of how to move from point A to point B
Readiness the state of being that precedes behavior change, and those who are ready are likely to make the actual effort
Transtheorectical Model of Health Behavior Change (Stages of Change Model) Model of behavior change that identifies six distinct stages people go through in altering behaior patterns (stages: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination)
precontemplation a phase in which the individuals have no current intention of changing
contemplation a phase in which people recognize that they have a problem and begin to debate th need for change
preparation in this phase people, are close to taking action (may have a plan and are focusing on what they can do)
action in this phase, people begin to follow their plans
maintenance this phase requires vigilance, attention to detail, and long-term commitment
termination during this phase, the behavior should be so ingrained that the current level of vigilance may be unnecessary
shaping using a series of small steps to gradually achieve a particular goal
imagined rehearsal (visualization) practicing through mental imagery, to become better able to perform an event in actuality
modeling learning specific behaviors by watching others perform them
situational inducement (controlling the situation) attempt to influence a behavior through situations and occasions that are structured ot exert control over that behavior
positive reinforcement (reinforcement) presenting something positive following a behavior that is being attempted (ex: consumable, activity, manipulative, possessional, and social)
extrinsic rewards incentives that come from others
intrinsic rewards incentives that come from yourself
self-talk the customary manner of thinking and talking to yourself, which can impact your self-image
rational-emotive therapy a form of cognitive therapy or self-directed behavior change that is based on the premise that there is a close connection between what people say to themselves and how they feel
blocking/thought stopping purposefully blocking or stopping negative thoughts so that the individual can concentrate on taking positive steps toward behavior change
Created by: Nicolekr