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Health Care Systems

Medical Technology I

Hospitals One of the major types of health care facilities. They vary in size and types of services offered.
Private or proprietary Operated for profit
Speciality hospitals Care only for those with special conditions or age groups
Government Operated by federal, state, and local governments
Long term care facility Provide assistance and care for elderly patients, usually called residents
Nursing home or geriatic home Provide basic physical and emotional care to individuals who can no longer care for themselves
ADLs Activities of daily living
Extended care facilities Provide skilled nursing care and rehabilitative care to prepare patients or residents for return to the home environment or other long term care facility
Medical offices Vary from offices that are privately owned by one doctor to large complexes that operate as corporations and employ many doctors and other health care workers
Dental offices Vary in size from offices that are privately owned by one or more dentists to dental clinics that wmply a number of dentist
Clinics Health care facilities found in many types of health care
Optical centers Provide vision examinations, prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses, and check for the presence of eye disease
Emergency care services Provide special care for victims of accidents or sudden illness
Laboratories Perform special diagnostic tests such as blood and urine test
Home health care Agencies designed to provide care in a patient's home
Hospice Provide care for terminally ill person's with life expectancies of 6 months or less
Mental health Treat patients with mental disorders and diseases
Genetic counseling centers Perform prenatal (before birth) screening tests, check for genetic abnormalities and birth defects, explain the results of the tests, identify medical options, and help individuals cope
Rehabilitation facilities Provide care to help patients with physical or mental disabilities obtain maximum self-care and function
Health maintainence organizations (HMO) Provide total health care directed toward preventative health care
Industrial health care Provide health care for employees of the industry or business
School health services Provide emergency care for victims of accidents and sudden illness and perform test to check for health conditions
World Health Organization (WHO) International agency sponsored by the United Nations that compiles statistics and information on disease, publishes health information, and addresses serious health problems throughtout the world
US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) National agency that deals with the health problems in the US
National Institute of Health (NIH) Involved in reserch on disease in the US
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Concerned with causes, spread, and control of diseases in populations
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Responsible for regulating food and drug products sold to the public
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) Researches the quality of health care delivery and identify the standards of treatment that should be provided in health care facilities
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Establishes and enforces standards that protect workers from job-related injuries and illnesses
Health Departments Provide preventative care to the community
Voluntary or non profit agencies Supported by donations
Health Insurance Prepaid, partial payments to a company for future medical care
Deductible amount that must be paid by the patient for medical services before the pollicy begins to pay
Co-insurance Requires that specific percentages of expenses are shared by the patient and the insurance company
Co-payment A specific amount of money a patient pays for a particular service
HMO A monthly fee or premium is paid for membership, and the fee stays the same regardless of the amount of health care used
Preferred provider organization (PPO) An indusrty that provides insurance to their employees have a contract with specific health care providers
Medicare Federal government program that provides health care for almost all individuals over the age of 65 or any person with a disability
Medicaid Medical assistance programs operated by the state the pays for the health care of individuals with low incomes, children who qualify for public assistance, and individuals who are physically disabled or blind
Workers compensation Health insurance plan providing treatment for workers injured on the job
TRICARE Provides care for active duty service members and their families, survivors of military personnel, and retired members of the Armed Forces
Managed care All helth care provided to patient must have a purpose
Organizational structure Encompesses a line of authority or chain of command
Cost containment Trying to control the rising cost of health care and achieving the maximum benefit for every dollar spent
Diagnostic related groups (DRGs) a limit is placed on the cost of care and the agency providing the care receives this set amount
Outpatient services Patients receive care without being admitted to hospitals or other care facilities
Telemedicine Involves the use of video, audio, and computer systems to provide medical and/or health care services
Wellness A state of being in optimum health with a balanced relationship between physical, mental and social health
Holistic health care Care that promotes physical, emotional, social, intellectual, and spiritual well-being by treating the whole body, mind, and spirit
Biomedical or Western health care Based on evaluating the physical signs and symptoms of a patient to determine the cause of disease and treating the cause
Holistic Health Care Uses many methods of diagnosis and treatment in addition to traditional Western medical practice
Created by: sandra.whiteside