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Great Communicator

Chap. 11 in Romich Vet Terminology

QuestionAnswer
composed of ductless glands that secrete chemical messengers, called hormones, into the blood stream endocrine system
prefix meaning within endo-
suffix meaning to secrete or separate -crine
the tissues and organs on which hormones act target organs
located at the base of the brain, just below the hypothalamus, known as the master gland pituitary gland
combining word form for pituitary gland pituit/o
secretes releasing and inhibiting factors that affect the release of substances from the pituitary gland hypothalamus
a stalk that connects the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus infundibulum
another name for the pituitary gland hypophysis
the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that produces hormones adenohypophysis
hormones released from the adenohypophysis, cause target organ to produce a second hormone indirect-acting hormones
the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland neurohypophysis
combining word form for gland aden/o
hormones released from the neurohypophysis, cause desired effect directly in the target organ direct-acting hormones
augments growth and secretions of the thyroid gland: abbreviated TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
augments the growth and secretion of the adrenal cortex; abbreviated ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
augments the secretion of estrogen & growth of eggs in the ovaries and sperm in the testes; abbreviated FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
gamete-producing gland gonadotropic
augments ovulation and aids in the maintenance of pregnancy in females; abbreviated LH luteinizing hormone
combining word form for yellow lute/o
stimulates testosterone secretion in males; abbreviated ISCH interstitial cell-stimulating hormone
augments milk secretion and influences maternal behavior; abbreviated LTH prolactin
accelerates body growth; abbreviated GH, also known as somatotropin growth hormone
augments skin pigmentation; abbreviated MSH melanocyte-stimulating hormone
maintains water balance in the body by augmenting water re-absorption in the kidneys; abbreviated ADH antidiuretic hormone
stimulates uterine contractions during parturition and milk letdown from the mammary ducts oxytocin
butterfly-shaped gland with right and left lobes fused ventrally by an isthmus, located on either side of the larynx thyroid gland
combining word forms for thyroid thyr/o and thyroid/o
one of the thyroid hormones that regulates metabolism, T3 triiodothyronine
one of the thyroid hormones that regulates metabolism, T4 thyroxine
thyroid hormone that promotes the absorption of calcium from blood into bones calcitonin
four glands located on the surface of the thyroid gland that secrete PTH parathyroid glands
helps regulate blood calcium and phosphorus levels by reducing bone calcium parathormone
combining word form for parathyroid glands parathyroid/o
located cranial to each kidney adrenal or suprarenal glands
combining word forms for adrenal glands adren/o and adrenal/o
two parts of the adrenal gland cortex and medulla
a substance that has a specific chemical structure of carbon atoms in four interlocking rings steroid
produced by the adrenal cortex corticosteriods
group of corticosteriods that regulates electrolyte and water balance by affecting ion transport in the kidney mineralocorticoids
the principal mineralocorticoid, regulates sodium and potassium aldosterone
group of corticosteroids that regulate carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism: resistance to stress and immunologic functioning glucocorticoids
group of corticosteroids that aid in the development and maintenance of male sex characteristics androgens
synthetic medications similar in structure to testosterone that are used to increase strength and muscle mass anabolic steroids
Created by: MKCarter