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Med Language Ch. 11

Turley - Urology

Urology study of the urinary system
renal pertaining to the kidney
excretory having the function of removing from the body
urinary pertaining to the urinary system
fundus top or dome of an organ (bladder)
peristalsis contraction of the muscular wall of the ureters (or in the GI tract)
spincter muscular ring
hilum part of an organ where structures such as blood vessels and nerves enter
urethra tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
ureter tube that connects the kidneys to the bladder (through which urine travels)
vesical descriptive word for the bladder
vesicle small fluid-filled blister on the skin
nephron functional unit of the kidney where urine is produced
micturition urinating
nephrolithiasis kidney stone
hydronephrosis condition of enlargement of the kidney (usually due to obstruction)
hydroureter enlargement of the ureter due to obstruction
glomerulonephritis inflammation of the kidney and glomeruli due to complication of infection
caliectasis condition of dilation of the calix
calculus stone (calcified concretion in the body)
renal colic spasm of the uretur or bladder due to a kidney stone scraping the mucosa
nephroptosis abnormally low position of the kidney
polycystic kidney disease congenital disease of multiple cysts on the kidneys which eventually destroy the nephrons
pyel/o- pelvis or kidney
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
nephr/o- kidney;nephron
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
cyst/o- bladder;fluid filled sac;semisolid cyst
intersitial pertaining to the space within the tissue
cystocele hernia in which the bladder bulges through a weakness in the wall of the vagina or rectum
hypospadias condition where the urethral meatus is found in an abnormal position on the underside of the shaft of the penis
anuria absence of urine production
dysuria painful or difficult urination
frequency urinating often, usually in small amounts
urgency strong urge to urinate and a sense of pressure in the bladder
pyuria white blood cells (pus) in the urine, indicating an infection
glycosuria glucose (sugar) in the urine
hematuria blood in the urine - gross (visible to the naked eye) or microscopic
incontinence an inability to voluntarily keep urine in the bladder (urinary)
ketonuria ketone bodies in the urine (secondary to fat metabolization)
nocturia increased need to urinate during the night
oliguria decreased urine production due to kidney failure
(hemo)dialysis procedure to mechanically filter and remove waste products from the blood of a patient in renal failure
catheterization procedure in which a catheter (flexible tube) is placed in the bladder to drain the urine
nephrectomy surgical removal of a kidney
lithotripsy procedure that uses sound waves to break up a kidney stone