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Med Language Ch. 9

Turley- Orthopedics - Muscular System

QuestionAnswer
voluntary done of one's own free will
muscul/o- muscle
tendon attaches bones to muscles
bursa thin sac of synovial membrane filled with synovial fluid (reduces friction where tendons rub on bones)
fascia a thin connective tissue that wraps a muscle and joins with the tendon
origin beginning of a muscle where its tendon is attached to a stationary or nearly stationary bone
insertion ending of a muscle where its tendon is attached to the bone that moves when the muscle contracts
extension straightening and extending a joint
flexion bending a joint to decrease the angle between two bones or two body parts
fascia a thin connective tissue that wraps a muscle and joins with the tendon
origin beginning of a muscle where its tendon is attached to a stationary or nearly stationary bone
insertion ending of a muscle where its tendon is attached to the bone that moves when the muscle contracts
extension straightening and extending a joint
flexion bending a joint to decrease the angle between two bones or two body parts
abduction moving a body part away from the midline
adduction moving a body part toward the midline of the body
rotation moving a body part around its axis
supination turning the palm of the hand anteriorly or upward
pronation turning the palm of the hand posteriorly or downward
eversion turning a body part outward and toward the side
inversion turing a body part inward
inter- between
costal pertaining to the rib
thenar pertaining to the thumb
-trophy process of development
hyper- above; more than normal
hypertrophy greater than normal development (increase in size)
neurotransmitter chemical messenger between a nerve cell and a muscle fiber
atrophy loss of (muscle) bulk (muscle wasting)
avulsion condition in which muscle tears away from the tendon or the tendon tears away from the bone
contracture when an arm or leg becomes progressively flexed due to inactivity or paralysis
torticollis twisted position/condition of the neck
compartment syndrome result of severe blunt or crushing injury that causes bleeding into a muscle fascia which can cause muscle and nerve damage and tissue death
muscular dystrophy an inherited genetic disease which causes progressive muscular weakness and atrophy
-algia pain
my/o- muscle
myalgia muscle pain
-ptosis drooping
myositis inflammation of a muscle
myopathy disease of muscle
ataxia incoordination of the muscles during movement,
tremor small, involuntary, jerky, back and forth movements of the hands, neck, jaw, or extremities
fasciitis inflammation of the faxcia around a muscle
ganglion semisolid or fluid filled cyst that develops on a tendon, often on the wrist, hand or foot